Background Residual inflammation is thought to promote endothelial dysfunction and cardiovascular disease risk among people living with HIV (PLWH) receiving antiretroviral therapy (ART). Whether the neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), a putative marker of systemic inflammation, may be associated with endothelial dysfunction has not been investigated in PLWH on stable ART. Research design and methods In this cross-sectional study, 210 PLWH (mean age 49 years, 79% males, 88/7/5% Caucasians/Africans/Hispanics) on long-term ART (median ART duration 8 years) were enrolled among those who were afferent to an Infectious Diseases outpatient clinic. The association between NLR and brachial flow-mediated dilation (bFMD) was analysed. Results A curvilinear association was observed between logarithmic-NLR and logarithmic-bFMD (R square = 0.034, p = 0.027), with logarithmic-bFMD decreasing significantly with increasing logarithmic-NLR only in PLWH with high NLR (>= 1.47, median NLR) (r = -0.369, p < 0.001). However, NLR had a poor accuracy in the prediction of low bFMD (<= 4.55, median bFMD) in PLWH with high NLR (55% sensitivity, 80% specificity, Youden index 0.35 for NLR 2.20). Conclusions Although there is an inverse association between NLR and bFMD among long-term ART-treated PLWH with high NLR, NLR has a low discriminatory ability toward endothelial dysfunction in this category of patients.

The association between neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio and endothelial dysfunction in people living with HIV on stable antiretroviral therapy

Bianconi, Vanessa;Schiaroli, Elisabetta;Mannarino, Massimo R;Paciosi, Francesco;Benedetti, Sara;Marini, Ettore;Pirro, Matteo;Francisci, Daniela
2022-01-01

Abstract

Background Residual inflammation is thought to promote endothelial dysfunction and cardiovascular disease risk among people living with HIV (PLWH) receiving antiretroviral therapy (ART). Whether the neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), a putative marker of systemic inflammation, may be associated with endothelial dysfunction has not been investigated in PLWH on stable ART. Research design and methods In this cross-sectional study, 210 PLWH (mean age 49 years, 79% males, 88/7/5% Caucasians/Africans/Hispanics) on long-term ART (median ART duration 8 years) were enrolled among those who were afferent to an Infectious Diseases outpatient clinic. The association between NLR and brachial flow-mediated dilation (bFMD) was analysed. Results A curvilinear association was observed between logarithmic-NLR and logarithmic-bFMD (R square = 0.034, p = 0.027), with logarithmic-bFMD decreasing significantly with increasing logarithmic-NLR only in PLWH with high NLR (>= 1.47, median NLR) (r = -0.369, p < 0.001). However, NLR had a poor accuracy in the prediction of low bFMD (<= 4.55, median bFMD) in PLWH with high NLR (55% sensitivity, 80% specificity, Youden index 0.35 for NLR 2.20). Conclusions Although there is an inverse association between NLR and bFMD among long-term ART-treated PLWH with high NLR, NLR has a low discriminatory ability toward endothelial dysfunction in this category of patients.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11391/1537938
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