Background How coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) impacted non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndromes (NSTACS) is an object of controversial reports.Aim To systematically review studies reporting NSTACS hospitalizations during the COVID-19 pandemic, and analyse whether differences in COVID-19 epidemiology, methodology of report, or public health-related factors could contribute to discrepant findings.Methods Comprehensive search (Medline, Embase, Scopus, Web of Science, Cochrane Register), of studies reporting NSTACS hospitalizations during the COVID-19 pandemic compared with a reference period, following Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analysis guidelines. Data were independently extracted by multiple investigators and pooled using a random-effects model. Health-related metrics were from publicly available sources, and analysed through multiple meta-regression modelling.Results We retrieved 102 articles (553 038 NSTACS cases, 40 countries). During peak COVID-19 pandemic, overall incidence rate ratio (IRR) of NSTACS hospitalizations over reference period decreased (0.70, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.66-0.75; P < 0.00001). Significant heterogeneity was detected among studies (I-2 = 98%; P < 0.00001). Importantly, wide variations were observed among, and within, countries. No significant differences were observed by study quality, whereas comparing different periods within 2020 resulted in greater decrease (IRR: 0.61; CI: 0.53-0.71) than comparing 2020 vs. previous years (IRR: 0.74; CI 0.69-0.79). Among many variables, major predictors of heterogeneity were severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 reproduction rate/country, number of hospitals queried, and reference period length; country stringency index and socio-economical indicators did not contribute significantly.Conclusions During the COVID-19 pandemic, NSTACS hospitalizations decreased significantly worldwide. However, substantial heterogeneity emerged among countries, and within the same country. Factors linked to public health management, but also to methodologies to collect results may have contributed to this heterogeneity.Trial registration The protocol was registered in the PROSPERO International Prospective Register of Systematic Reviews (ID: CRD42022308159).[GRAPHICS]

Worldwide impact of COVID-19 on hospital admissions for non-ST-elevation acute coronary syndromes (NSTACS): a systematic review with meta-analysis of 553,038 cases

Reboldi, GianPaolo;Tritto, Isabella;Ambrosio, Giuseppe
2023

Abstract

Background How coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) impacted non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndromes (NSTACS) is an object of controversial reports.Aim To systematically review studies reporting NSTACS hospitalizations during the COVID-19 pandemic, and analyse whether differences in COVID-19 epidemiology, methodology of report, or public health-related factors could contribute to discrepant findings.Methods Comprehensive search (Medline, Embase, Scopus, Web of Science, Cochrane Register), of studies reporting NSTACS hospitalizations during the COVID-19 pandemic compared with a reference period, following Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analysis guidelines. Data were independently extracted by multiple investigators and pooled using a random-effects model. Health-related metrics were from publicly available sources, and analysed through multiple meta-regression modelling.Results We retrieved 102 articles (553 038 NSTACS cases, 40 countries). During peak COVID-19 pandemic, overall incidence rate ratio (IRR) of NSTACS hospitalizations over reference period decreased (0.70, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.66-0.75; P < 0.00001). Significant heterogeneity was detected among studies (I-2 = 98%; P < 0.00001). Importantly, wide variations were observed among, and within, countries. No significant differences were observed by study quality, whereas comparing different periods within 2020 resulted in greater decrease (IRR: 0.61; CI: 0.53-0.71) than comparing 2020 vs. previous years (IRR: 0.74; CI 0.69-0.79). Among many variables, major predictors of heterogeneity were severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 reproduction rate/country, number of hospitals queried, and reference period length; country stringency index and socio-economical indicators did not contribute significantly.Conclusions During the COVID-19 pandemic, NSTACS hospitalizations decreased significantly worldwide. However, substantial heterogeneity emerged among countries, and within the same country. Factors linked to public health management, but also to methodologies to collect results may have contributed to this heterogeneity.Trial registration The protocol was registered in the PROSPERO International Prospective Register of Systematic Reviews (ID: CRD42022308159).[GRAPHICS]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11391/1568354
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