Primary adrenal insufficiency (PAI) occurs in 1/5000–1/7000 individuals in the general population. Autoimmune Addison's disease (AAD) is the major cause of PAI and is a major component of autoimmune polyendocrine syndrome type 1 (APS1) and type 2 (APS2). Presence of 21-hydroxylase autoantibodies (21OHAb) identifies subjects with ongoing clinical or pre-clinical adrenal autoimmunity. AAD requires life-long substitutive therapy with two-three daily doses of hydrocortisone (HC) (15–25 mg/day) or one daily dose of dual-release HC and with fludrocortisone (0.5–2.0 mg/day). The lowest possible HC dose must be identified according to clinical and biochemical parameters to minimize long-term complications that include osteoporosis and cardiovascular and metabolic alterations. Women with AAD have lower fertility and parity as compared to age-matched healthy controls. Patients must be educated to double-triple HC dose in the case of fever or infections and to switch to parenteral HC in the case of vomiting, diarrhoea or acute hypotension.

Autoimmune Addison’s Disease

Falorni Alberto
In corso di stampa

Abstract

Primary adrenal insufficiency (PAI) occurs in 1/5000–1/7000 individuals in the general population. Autoimmune Addison's disease (AAD) is the major cause of PAI and is a major component of autoimmune polyendocrine syndrome type 1 (APS1) and type 2 (APS2). Presence of 21-hydroxylase autoantibodies (21OHAb) identifies subjects with ongoing clinical or pre-clinical adrenal autoimmunity. AAD requires life-long substitutive therapy with two-three daily doses of hydrocortisone (HC) (15–25 mg/day) or one daily dose of dual-release HC and with fludrocortisone (0.5–2.0 mg/day). The lowest possible HC dose must be identified according to clinical and biochemical parameters to minimize long-term complications that include osteoporosis and cardiovascular and metabolic alterations. Women with AAD have lower fertility and parity as compared to age-matched healthy controls. Patients must be educated to double-triple HC dose in the case of fever or infections and to switch to parenteral HC in the case of vomiting, diarrhoea or acute hypotension.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11391/1463787
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 8
  • Scopus 13
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact