Russia that “Groans and suffers” (Romans 8: 22) in Literature of The Revolutionary Period: Towards The Centenary of Blok’s “The Twelve” Plot analysis, most successfully outlined by Vyacheslav Ivanov in his work “Basic myth in the Dostoevsky’s novel ‘Demons’” is applied to Blok’s poem “The Twelve” and this work’s place in poet’s creative evolution. Poem’s plot is also perceived as a paradigmatic, collective creation of the Russian Symbolists. It reveals deeper meaning of the historical events of the era. Hence many references to Feminine Principle, Soul of the World, Russia as a Bride, Wife, fallen, tormented, torn, lost, and seeking salvation from a masculine element. In Blok’s poem, the “Basic myth” gets the most tragic turn: Russia, a sick Motherland, a Wife, and also a prostitute (Kat’ka of “The Twelve”, “carrion in the snow”), connects with her bridegroom and Poet in joint suffering and death, co-crucifixion, which results in no salvation.
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