The paper discusses an enigmatic scene on the throne of Amyklai («Adrastos and Tydeus are putting an end to the armed clash between Amphiaraos and Lykourgos, son of Pronax»: Paus. III 18, 12). Narrative of the mythical episode does not survive in ancient literary sources, but it certainly features on other Archaic documents, a bronze shield band from Olympia (Kunze, OF II, IV 8, plates 12, 8 and 17, fig. 13) and a fragment of a Laconic cup in Cyrene (Stibbe, LV, nr. 221). The character named Lykourgos depicted on the Throne is usually identified with the father of Opheltes, the boy-hero of Nemea, but this identification must definitely be excluded: the Lykourgos of the Throne is – as implied by his patronymic in Pausanias – a relative of Adrastos and his clash with Amphiaraos is an outcome of the bloody tensions that, according to allusions in Pindar (Nem. 9, 13-5) and brief mentions in other authors (Menaichmos FGrH = BNJ 131 F 10; Schol. Pind. Nem. 9, 30b), exploded between the three Argive royal dynasties.
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