We argue that, at finite temperature, parity-invariant electrodynamics with massive electrons in 2+1 dimensions can exist in both confined and deconfined phases and has a confinement-deconfinement phase transition of Berezinskii-Kosterlitz-Thouless type. We show that an order parameter for the confinement-deconfinement phase transition is a version of the Polyakov loop operator whose average measures the free energy of an external charge that is not an integral multiple of the electron charge.

Confinement - deconfinement transition in three-dimensional QED

GRIGNANI, Gianluca;SODANO, Pasquale
1996-01-01

Abstract

We argue that, at finite temperature, parity-invariant electrodynamics with massive electrons in 2+1 dimensions can exist in both confined and deconfined phases and has a confinement-deconfinement phase transition of Berezinskii-Kosterlitz-Thouless type. We show that an order parameter for the confinement-deconfinement phase transition is a version of the Polyakov loop operator whose average measures the free energy of an external charge that is not an integral multiple of the electron charge.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11391/109132
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