Alzheimer disease (AD) is an age-related neurodegenerative condition. AD is histopathologically characterized by the presence of three main hallmarks: senile plaques (rich in amyloid-β peptide), neuronal fibrillary tangles (rich in phosphorylated tau protein), and synapse loss. However, definitive biomarkers for this devastating disease in living people are still lacking. In this study, we show that levels of oxidative stress markers are significantly increased in the mitochondria isolated from lymphocytes of subjects with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) compared to cognitively normal individuals. Further, an increase in mitochondrial oxidative stress in MCI is associated with MMSE score, vitamin E components, and β-carotene. Further, a proteomics approach showed that alterations in the levels of thioredoxin-dependent peroxide reductase, myosin light polypeptide 6, and ATP synthase subunit β might be important in the progression and pathogenesis of AD. Increased understanding of oxidative stress and protein alterations in easily obtainable peripheral tissues will be helpful in developing biomarkers to combat this devastating disorder.

Lymphocyte mitochondria: toward identification of peripheral biomarkers in the progression of Alzheimer disease

BAGLIONI, MAURO;CECCHETTI, Roberta;BASTIANI, Patrizia;RUGGIERO, CARMELINDA;MECOCCI, Patrizia;
2013

Abstract

Alzheimer disease (AD) is an age-related neurodegenerative condition. AD is histopathologically characterized by the presence of three main hallmarks: senile plaques (rich in amyloid-β peptide), neuronal fibrillary tangles (rich in phosphorylated tau protein), and synapse loss. However, definitive biomarkers for this devastating disease in living people are still lacking. In this study, we show that levels of oxidative stress markers are significantly increased in the mitochondria isolated from lymphocytes of subjects with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) compared to cognitively normal individuals. Further, an increase in mitochondrial oxidative stress in MCI is associated with MMSE score, vitamin E components, and β-carotene. Further, a proteomics approach showed that alterations in the levels of thioredoxin-dependent peroxide reductase, myosin light polypeptide 6, and ATP synthase subunit β might be important in the progression and pathogenesis of AD. Increased understanding of oxidative stress and protein alterations in easily obtainable peripheral tissues will be helpful in developing biomarkers to combat this devastating disorder.
2013
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11391/1135077
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