Summary A multidrug-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa (r-Pa) was isolated from a lethal case of sepsis in a bone marrow transplant recipient. Genotypic analysis of P. aeruginosa isolates demonstrated that sepsis was secondary to gut colonization. The interactions between r-Pa and patient’s neutrophils were studied. The results indicate that: (1) the patient’s neutrophil killing activity and nitric oxide production against r-Pa or drug sensitive P. aeruginosa (s-Pa) were profoundly impaired; (2) r-Pa cells, but not s-Pa cells or their filtered culture supernatants, induced necrosis of healthy donor neutrophils. Neutrophil necrosis emerges as a remarkable event in the pathogenesis of P. aeruginosa sepsis.

A multidrug-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolate from a lethal case of sepsis induces necrosis of human neutrophils

MENCACCI, Antonella;CENCI, Elio;MAZZOLLA, Rosanna;BISTONI, Francesco;AVERSA, Franco;ALOISI, TERESA;VECCHIARELLI, Anna
2006-01-01

Abstract

Summary A multidrug-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa (r-Pa) was isolated from a lethal case of sepsis in a bone marrow transplant recipient. Genotypic analysis of P. aeruginosa isolates demonstrated that sepsis was secondary to gut colonization. The interactions between r-Pa and patient’s neutrophils were studied. The results indicate that: (1) the patient’s neutrophil killing activity and nitric oxide production against r-Pa or drug sensitive P. aeruginosa (s-Pa) were profoundly impaired; (2) r-Pa cells, but not s-Pa cells or their filtered culture supernatants, induced necrosis of healthy donor neutrophils. Neutrophil necrosis emerges as a remarkable event in the pathogenesis of P. aeruginosa sepsis.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11391/114409
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