Methanol extract (MeOH) of Asafoetida oleogulll-resin was assayed for its in-vitro ability to control Trichoderma harzianum. The thirty-two components of MeOH-extracted resin were identified by GC-MS analysis. The antifungal and allelopathic effects of the MeOH extracts concentrations against T. harzianum and Pleurotus spp., were investigated in dual culture experiments on an agar-based medium. MeOH extract showed fungistatic and fungicidal properties against T. harzianum strains and Pleurotus spp. at higher concentrations. In dual culture, all strains of T. harzianum were antagonistic to Pleurotus spp. than in control. When MeOH extracts concentrations was added to the substrate culture, rhe antagonistic activity of T. harzianum against the Pleurotus spp. was moderate (0.625 µ/ml of MeOH extract) or weak (1.25 µ/ml of MeOH extract) against the Pleurotus spp. that either completely or partially replaced T. harzianum. TEM observations revealed that fungal growth inhibition from the MeOH extract was accompanied by marked morphological and cytological changes.

Antifungal and allelopathic effects of Asafoetida against Trichoderma harzianum and Pleurotus spp.

ANGELINI, Paola;PAGIOTTI, Rita;GRANETTI, Bruno;VENANZONI, Roberto
2009-01-01

Abstract

Methanol extract (MeOH) of Asafoetida oleogulll-resin was assayed for its in-vitro ability to control Trichoderma harzianum. The thirty-two components of MeOH-extracted resin were identified by GC-MS analysis. The antifungal and allelopathic effects of the MeOH extracts concentrations against T. harzianum and Pleurotus spp., were investigated in dual culture experiments on an agar-based medium. MeOH extract showed fungistatic and fungicidal properties against T. harzianum strains and Pleurotus spp. at higher concentrations. In dual culture, all strains of T. harzianum were antagonistic to Pleurotus spp. than in control. When MeOH extracts concentrations was added to the substrate culture, rhe antagonistic activity of T. harzianum against the Pleurotus spp. was moderate (0.625 µ/ml of MeOH extract) or weak (1.25 µ/ml of MeOH extract) against the Pleurotus spp. that either completely or partially replaced T. harzianum. TEM observations revealed that fungal growth inhibition from the MeOH extract was accompanied by marked morphological and cytological changes.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11391/115011
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