A very potent competitive inhibitor of mammalian glyoxalase II activity, N,S-bis-fluorenylmethoxycarbonylglutathione (DiFMOC-G) has been synthesized and characterized. The K-i value for inhibition of glyoxalase II purified from calf liver is 0.08 mu M. The K-i values for glyoxalase I inhibitions range from 285 to 500 fold higher than the values obtained for glyoxalase II inhibitions, depending on the source of the enzyme. Among other enzymes involved in glutathione metabolism, such as glutathione S-transferase, glutathione reductase, and glutathione peroxidase, only glutathione S-transferase is inhibited to a small extent by DiFMOC-G. Diesters of DiFMOC-G were prepared in order to improve transport of DiFMOC-G into mammalian tumor cells (rat adrenal pheochromocytoma, PC-12) in culture. Among the diesters synthesized, diisopropyl DiFMOC-G was found to be the most inhibitory to cell viability, with a [I]0.5 value of 3 mu M.

N,S-Bis-Fluorenylmethoxycarbonylglutathione: A New, Very Potent Inhibitor of Mammalian Glyoxalase II

A. C. ELIA;PRINCIPATO G. B.;GIOVANNINI E.;
1995

Abstract

A very potent competitive inhibitor of mammalian glyoxalase II activity, N,S-bis-fluorenylmethoxycarbonylglutathione (DiFMOC-G) has been synthesized and characterized. The K-i value for inhibition of glyoxalase II purified from calf liver is 0.08 mu M. The K-i values for glyoxalase I inhibitions range from 285 to 500 fold higher than the values obtained for glyoxalase II inhibitions, depending on the source of the enzyme. Among other enzymes involved in glutathione metabolism, such as glutathione S-transferase, glutathione reductase, and glutathione peroxidase, only glutathione S-transferase is inhibited to a small extent by DiFMOC-G. Diesters of DiFMOC-G were prepared in order to improve transport of DiFMOC-G into mammalian tumor cells (rat adrenal pheochromocytoma, PC-12) in culture. Among the diesters synthesized, diisopropyl DiFMOC-G was found to be the most inhibitory to cell viability, with a [I]0.5 value of 3 mu M.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11391/125073
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