The reaction of esterification of benzoic acid with benzyl chloride was chosen as a model reaction to study the esterification by SN2 promoted by tertiary amine as deprotonating agent. The use of ionic liquid (IL) 1,3-dimethylimidazolium methanesulfonate [MMIm][OMs] as reaction medium has proven to give quantitative yield of the ester, but interestingly the reaction does occur even in solvent-free conditions, where the acid + the amine form a liquid system (a protic IL) in situ. This last methodology was extended to several carboxylic acids in conditions of atom economy (i.e., without excess of any reagent), giving moderately good yields of esters (54–78%) recovered by weight in pure form.

Convenient Esterification of Carboxylic Acids by SN2 Reaction Promoted by a Protic Ionic-Liquid System Formed in Situ in Solvent-Free Conditions

CARDELLINI, FABIO;BRINCHI, Lucia;GERMANI, Raimondo;TIECCO, MATTEO
2014

Abstract

The reaction of esterification of benzoic acid with benzyl chloride was chosen as a model reaction to study the esterification by SN2 promoted by tertiary amine as deprotonating agent. The use of ionic liquid (IL) 1,3-dimethylimidazolium methanesulfonate [MMIm][OMs] as reaction medium has proven to give quantitative yield of the ester, but interestingly the reaction does occur even in solvent-free conditions, where the acid + the amine form a liquid system (a protic IL) in situ. This last methodology was extended to several carboxylic acids in conditions of atom economy (i.e., without excess of any reagent), giving moderately good yields of esters (54–78%) recovered by weight in pure form.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11391/1287917
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 18
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 18
social impact