The main point of this paper concerns the theoretical characterisation of the effects induced by the intermolecular interaction on the electron density upon the formation of CH4-H2X (X=O,S) and CH4–Ng (Ng=Ar,Xe) complexes. The work has been stimulated by recent molecular scattering beams experiments, which point out differences in both strength and anisotropy of the intermolecular potential between CH4–H2X respect to reference CH4–Ng systems. Herein, attention is focused on the electronic charge polarisation and particularly charge transfer (CT) effects between involved partners, directly related to the topology of the full potential energy surface. The modification of electron density and the occurrence of CT have been evaluated via the charge displacement function worked out by high level ab initio calculations. Moreover, in the case of a specific configuration of CH4–H2O system, we define the leading interaction components, including their relative stabilising role and test our intermolecular potential model with reference to ab initio calculations. The results obtained indicate that CT clearly affects the strength and the anisotropy of CH4–H2O complex, and covers a minor and negligible role for CH4–H2S and the noble gas complexes, respectively.

An ab initio electronic density study of the CH4–Ar, CH4–Xe, CH4–H2O and CH4–H2S complexes: insights into the nature of the intermolecular interaction

BARTOCCI, ALESSIO;CAPPELLETTI, David Michele;TARANTELLI, Francesco;BELPASSI, LEONARDO;PIRANI, Fernando
2015

Abstract

The main point of this paper concerns the theoretical characterisation of the effects induced by the intermolecular interaction on the electron density upon the formation of CH4-H2X (X=O,S) and CH4–Ng (Ng=Ar,Xe) complexes. The work has been stimulated by recent molecular scattering beams experiments, which point out differences in both strength and anisotropy of the intermolecular potential between CH4–H2X respect to reference CH4–Ng systems. Herein, attention is focused on the electronic charge polarisation and particularly charge transfer (CT) effects between involved partners, directly related to the topology of the full potential energy surface. The modification of electron density and the occurrence of CT have been evaluated via the charge displacement function worked out by high level ab initio calculations. Moreover, in the case of a specific configuration of CH4–H2O system, we define the leading interaction components, including their relative stabilising role and test our intermolecular potential model with reference to ab initio calculations. The results obtained indicate that CT clearly affects the strength and the anisotropy of CH4–H2O complex, and covers a minor and negligible role for CH4–H2S and the noble gas complexes, respectively.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11391/1368225
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