Aim: To assess the sensitivity of biparametric magnetic resonance imaging (bpMRI) with non-endorectal coil in the detection and localization of index (dominant) and nonindex lesions in patients suspected of having prostate cancer. Patients and Methods: We carried-out a retrospective analysis of multiparametric MRI (mpMRI) of 41 patients who underwent radical prostatectomy. Results of MRI for detection and localization of index and non-index lesions were correlated with those of histology. Results: No statistically significant difference in size was seen between tumor lesion at histology and index lesion at MRI. In 41 patients, a total of 131 tumors were identified at histology, while bpMRI (T2-weighted and diffusionweighted MRI) approach detected 181 lesions. bpMRI gave 27.6% false-positives and 3.3% false-negatives. Sensitivity in lesion detection by bpMRI increased with lesion size assuming high values for lesions 10 mm. For bpMRI and mpMRI, the sensitivity for detecting index lesions was the same and equal: 100% in the peripheral zone 97.6% and 94.7% in the entire prostate and transitional zone, respectively. Conclusion: bpMRI can be used alternatively to mpMRI to detect and localize index prostate cancer.

Biparametric versus Multiparametric MRI with Non-endorectal Coil at 3T in the Detection and Localization of Prostate Cancer

SCIALPI, Michele;PALUMBO, Barbara;ORLANDI, AGOSTINO;FALCONE, GIUSEPPE;MILIZIA, MICHELE;MEARINI, Luigi;AISA, Maria Cristina;SIDONI, Angelo
2017

Abstract

Aim: To assess the sensitivity of biparametric magnetic resonance imaging (bpMRI) with non-endorectal coil in the detection and localization of index (dominant) and nonindex lesions in patients suspected of having prostate cancer. Patients and Methods: We carried-out a retrospective analysis of multiparametric MRI (mpMRI) of 41 patients who underwent radical prostatectomy. Results of MRI for detection and localization of index and non-index lesions were correlated with those of histology. Results: No statistically significant difference in size was seen between tumor lesion at histology and index lesion at MRI. In 41 patients, a total of 131 tumors were identified at histology, while bpMRI (T2-weighted and diffusionweighted MRI) approach detected 181 lesions. bpMRI gave 27.6% false-positives and 3.3% false-negatives. Sensitivity in lesion detection by bpMRI increased with lesion size assuming high values for lesions 10 mm. For bpMRI and mpMRI, the sensitivity for detecting index lesions was the same and equal: 100% in the peripheral zone 97.6% and 94.7% in the entire prostate and transitional zone, respectively. Conclusion: bpMRI can be used alternatively to mpMRI to detect and localize index prostate cancer.
2017
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11391/1403113
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