A total of 384 children with group A beta-haemolytic streptococcal (GABHS) pharyngitis were randomized to receive either 40 mg/kg/day of cefaclor in two doses for 5 days (192 patients), or 40 mg/kg/day of amoxycillin in three doses for 10 days (192 patients). The signs and symptoms of pharyngitis were recorded and throat cultures were obtained at presentation and on days 6-7, 11-15, 16-20 and 28-35. Patient compliance was significantly higher in the children treated with cefaclor (100 vs. 95.1%; P = 0.003). At the end of follow-up, the percentage of clinical success was 91.4% for cefaclor and 91.9% for amoxycillin (P = 0.974); bacteriological success was obtained in 85.7 and 89.6% children (P = 0.348), respectively. Both treatments were well-tolerated with adverse event rates of 8.3% in the cefaclor group and 9.4% in the amoxcillin group (P = 0.857). Our study shows that five days' treatment with cefaclor is as effective and safe as the conventional 10-day course of amoxycillin in the treatment of GABHS pharyngitis, but compliance seems to be significantly greater.

Comparative efficacy and safety of 5-day cefaclor and 10-day amoxycillin treatment of group A streptococcal pharyngitis in children

Esposito, Susanna Maria Roberta;
2002

Abstract

A total of 384 children with group A beta-haemolytic streptococcal (GABHS) pharyngitis were randomized to receive either 40 mg/kg/day of cefaclor in two doses for 5 days (192 patients), or 40 mg/kg/day of amoxycillin in three doses for 10 days (192 patients). The signs and symptoms of pharyngitis were recorded and throat cultures were obtained at presentation and on days 6-7, 11-15, 16-20 and 28-35. Patient compliance was significantly higher in the children treated with cefaclor (100 vs. 95.1%; P = 0.003). At the end of follow-up, the percentage of clinical success was 91.4% for cefaclor and 91.9% for amoxycillin (P = 0.974); bacteriological success was obtained in 85.7 and 89.6% children (P = 0.348), respectively. Both treatments were well-tolerated with adverse event rates of 8.3% in the cefaclor group and 9.4% in the amoxcillin group (P = 0.857). Our study shows that five days' treatment with cefaclor is as effective and safe as the conventional 10-day course of amoxycillin in the treatment of GABHS pharyngitis, but compliance seems to be significantly greater.
2002
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11391/1417807
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 4
  • Scopus 19
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 16
social impact