Objectives: To explore the role of dynamic contrast-enhanced (DCE) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), using semiquantitative and quantitative parameters, and diffusion-weighted (DW) MRI in differentiating benign from malignant small, non-palpable solid testicular tumours. Methods: We calculated the following DCE-MRI parameters of 47 small, non-palpable solid testicular tumours: peak enhancement (PE), time to peak (TTP), percentage of peak enhancement (Epeak), wash-in-rate (WIR), signal enhancement ratio (SER), volume transfer constant (Ktrans), rate constant (Kep), extravascular extracellular space volume fraction (Ve) and initial area under the curve (iAUC). DWI signal intensity and apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) values were evaluated. Results: Epeak, WIR, Ktrans , Kep and iAUC were higher and TTP shorter in benign compared to malignant lesions (p < 0.05). All tumours had similar ADC values (p > 0.07). Subgroup analysis limited to the most frequent histologies – Leydig cell tumours (LCTs) and seminomas – replicated the findings of the entire set. Best diagnostic cutoff value for identification of seminomas: Ktrans ≤0.135 min−1, Kep ≤0.45 min−1, iAUC ≤10.96, WIR ≤1.11, Epeak ≤96.72, TTP >99 s. Conclusions: DCE-MRI parameters are valuable in differentiating between benign and malignant small, non-palpable testicular tumours, especially when characterising LCTs and seminomas. Key Points: • DCE-MRI may be used to differentiate benign from malignant non-palpable testicular tumours. • Seminomas show lower Ktrans, Kep and iAUC values. • ADC values are not valuable in differentiating seminomas from LCTs. • Semiquantitative DCE-MRI may be used to characterise small, solid testicular tumours.

Dynamic contrast-enhanced and diffusion-weighted MR imaging in the characterisation of small, non-palpable solid testicular tumours

Scialpi, Michele;
2018

Abstract

Objectives: To explore the role of dynamic contrast-enhanced (DCE) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), using semiquantitative and quantitative parameters, and diffusion-weighted (DW) MRI in differentiating benign from malignant small, non-palpable solid testicular tumours. Methods: We calculated the following DCE-MRI parameters of 47 small, non-palpable solid testicular tumours: peak enhancement (PE), time to peak (TTP), percentage of peak enhancement (Epeak), wash-in-rate (WIR), signal enhancement ratio (SER), volume transfer constant (Ktrans), rate constant (Kep), extravascular extracellular space volume fraction (Ve) and initial area under the curve (iAUC). DWI signal intensity and apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) values were evaluated. Results: Epeak, WIR, Ktrans , Kep and iAUC were higher and TTP shorter in benign compared to malignant lesions (p < 0.05). All tumours had similar ADC values (p > 0.07). Subgroup analysis limited to the most frequent histologies – Leydig cell tumours (LCTs) and seminomas – replicated the findings of the entire set. Best diagnostic cutoff value for identification of seminomas: Ktrans ≤0.135 min−1, Kep ≤0.45 min−1, iAUC ≤10.96, WIR ≤1.11, Epeak ≤96.72, TTP >99 s. Conclusions: DCE-MRI parameters are valuable in differentiating between benign and malignant small, non-palpable testicular tumours, especially when characterising LCTs and seminomas. Key Points: • DCE-MRI may be used to differentiate benign from malignant non-palpable testicular tumours. • Seminomas show lower Ktrans, Kep and iAUC values. • ADC values are not valuable in differentiating seminomas from LCTs. • Semiquantitative DCE-MRI may be used to characterise small, solid testicular tumours.
2018
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11391/1422176
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