This paper presents the development of a lab-on chip, based on thin-film sensors, suitable for DNA treatments. In particular, the system performs on-chip DNA amplification and separation of double-strand DNA into single-strand DNA, combining a polydimethylsiloxane microfluidic network, thin-film electronic devices, and surface chemistry. Both the analytical procedures rely on the integration on the same glass substrate of thin film metal heaters and amorphous silicon temperature sensors to achieve a uniform temperature distribution (within ±1 °C) in the heated area and a precise temperature control (within ±0.5 °C). The DNA separation also counts on the binding between biotinylated dsDNA and a layer of streptavidin immobilized into a microfluidic channel through polymer-brushes-based layer. This approach results in a fast and low reagents consumption system. The tested DNA treatments can be applied for carrying out the on-chip systematic evolution of ligands by exponential enrichment process, a chemistry technique for the selection of aptamers.

Integrated Sensor System for DNA Amplification and Separation Based on Thin Film Technology

Placidi, Pisana;Scorzoni, Andrea;
2018

Abstract

This paper presents the development of a lab-on chip, based on thin-film sensors, suitable for DNA treatments. In particular, the system performs on-chip DNA amplification and separation of double-strand DNA into single-strand DNA, combining a polydimethylsiloxane microfluidic network, thin-film electronic devices, and surface chemistry. Both the analytical procedures rely on the integration on the same glass substrate of thin film metal heaters and amorphous silicon temperature sensors to achieve a uniform temperature distribution (within ±1 °C) in the heated area and a precise temperature control (within ±0.5 °C). The DNA separation also counts on the binding between biotinylated dsDNA and a layer of streptavidin immobilized into a microfluidic channel through polymer-brushes-based layer. This approach results in a fast and low reagents consumption system. The tested DNA treatments can be applied for carrying out the on-chip systematic evolution of ligands by exponential enrichment process, a chemistry technique for the selection of aptamers.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11391/1425694
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