Metastasis is the leading cause of mortality in patients with highly invasive cancers and, as such, is a major problem for medicine. It has been increasingly recognized that cancer-related inflammation plays an important role in promoting invasion and the metastatic process in which cell motility and upregulation of proteolytic enzymes are crucial events. TNFα is a proinflammatory cytokine known to stimulate synthesis of MMP9, a zinc- and calcium-dependent endopeptidase contributing to the regulation of ECM remodeling and cell signaling. However, the precise molecular mechanism of TNFα-induced MMP9 gene expression in cancers is still not fully understood. This study shows that TNFα-induced cell migration and invasion involve ERK1/2-dependent up-regulation of CDKN1A/p21 expression in highly aggressive breast cancer cells and that CDKN1A/p21 plays an important regulatory role in TNFα-induced MMP9 gene expression, indicating an unknown function of CDKN1A/p21 as a regulator of proteolytic activity in cancer cells.

A novel regulatory function of CDKN1A/p21 in TNF alpha-induced matrix metalloproteinase 9-dependent migration and invasion of triple-negative breast cancer cells

Cirocchi, Roberto;
2018

Abstract

Metastasis is the leading cause of mortality in patients with highly invasive cancers and, as such, is a major problem for medicine. It has been increasingly recognized that cancer-related inflammation plays an important role in promoting invasion and the metastatic process in which cell motility and upregulation of proteolytic enzymes are crucial events. TNFα is a proinflammatory cytokine known to stimulate synthesis of MMP9, a zinc- and calcium-dependent endopeptidase contributing to the regulation of ECM remodeling and cell signaling. However, the precise molecular mechanism of TNFα-induced MMP9 gene expression in cancers is still not fully understood. This study shows that TNFα-induced cell migration and invasion involve ERK1/2-dependent up-regulation of CDKN1A/p21 expression in highly aggressive breast cancer cells and that CDKN1A/p21 plays an important regulatory role in TNFα-induced MMP9 gene expression, indicating an unknown function of CDKN1A/p21 as a regulator of proteolytic activity in cancer cells.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11391/1429692
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