Purpose: To report variation of choroidal vascularity index (CVI) in macular and mid-equator areas in healthy subjects using wide-field optical coherence tomography (WF-OCT). Design: Prospective, cross-sectional study. Methods: SETTING: Two-center study. STUDY POPULATION: Twenty eyes of 20 healthy subjects. OBSERVATION PROCEDURE: Single high-definition scans passing through the fovea in both vertical and horizontal meridians were studied. Images were taken in primary gaze and extremes of gaze and a manual montage was created. A previously reported semi-automated algorithm was used to calculate the CVI in macular, superior, inferior, temporal, and nasal quadrants. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Difference in CVI in macular area and 4 quadrants. Results: Twenty eyes from 20 subjects were enrolled in the study. The mean age was 28.85 ± 6.29 years with men comprising 9 of the 20 subjects (45.0%). The refractive error (spherical equivalent) ranged from −3.00 to +0.75 diopters. The average CVI in the macular area (40.01 ± 7.67) was significantly smaller than in any of the other fundus areas (all P <.01). The maximum CVI was seen in the nasal quadrant (50.84 ± 5.64), followed by inferior (47.93 ± 9.31), temporal (46.14 ± 7.06), and superior (45.72 ± 7.69). The nasal quadrant was found to have the least coefficient of variation (CV) of CVI (0.11) while the inferior and macular area had the highest CV (0.19). Conclusions: We report CVI in WF-OCT in healthy young individuals. CVI seems to have a wide topographic variation. The macular area had the least CVI. CVI values are more consistent with lesser CV in the nasal quadrant compared to the other quadrants and macular area.

Wide-field Choroidal Vascularity in Healthy Eyes

Cagini, Carlo;Lupidi, Marco;
2018

Abstract

Purpose: To report variation of choroidal vascularity index (CVI) in macular and mid-equator areas in healthy subjects using wide-field optical coherence tomography (WF-OCT). Design: Prospective, cross-sectional study. Methods: SETTING: Two-center study. STUDY POPULATION: Twenty eyes of 20 healthy subjects. OBSERVATION PROCEDURE: Single high-definition scans passing through the fovea in both vertical and horizontal meridians were studied. Images were taken in primary gaze and extremes of gaze and a manual montage was created. A previously reported semi-automated algorithm was used to calculate the CVI in macular, superior, inferior, temporal, and nasal quadrants. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Difference in CVI in macular area and 4 quadrants. Results: Twenty eyes from 20 subjects were enrolled in the study. The mean age was 28.85 ± 6.29 years with men comprising 9 of the 20 subjects (45.0%). The refractive error (spherical equivalent) ranged from −3.00 to +0.75 diopters. The average CVI in the macular area (40.01 ± 7.67) was significantly smaller than in any of the other fundus areas (all P <.01). The maximum CVI was seen in the nasal quadrant (50.84 ± 5.64), followed by inferior (47.93 ± 9.31), temporal (46.14 ± 7.06), and superior (45.72 ± 7.69). The nasal quadrant was found to have the least coefficient of variation (CV) of CVI (0.11) while the inferior and macular area had the highest CV (0.19). Conclusions: We report CVI in WF-OCT in healthy young individuals. CVI seems to have a wide topographic variation. The macular area had the least CVI. CVI values are more consistent with lesser CV in the nasal quadrant compared to the other quadrants and macular area.
2018
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11391/1433086
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