The causes of genetic epilepsies are unknown in the majority of patients. HCN ion channels have a widespread expression in neurons and increasing evidence demonstrates their functional involvement in human epilepsies. Among the four known isoforms, HCN1 is the most expressed in the neocortex and hippocampus and de novo HCN1 point mutations have been recently associated with early infantile epileptic encephalopathy. So far, HCN1 mutations have not been reported in patients with idiopathic epilepsy. Using a Next Generation Sequencing approach, we identified the de novo heterozygous p.Leu157Val (c.469C > G) novel mutation in HCN1 in an adult male patient affected by genetic generalized epilepsy (GGE), with normal cognitive development. Electrophysiological analysis in heterologous expression model (CHO cells) and in neurons revealed that L157V is a loss-of-function, dominant negative mutation causing reduced HCN1 contribution to net inward current and responsible for an increased neuronal firing rate and excitability, potentially predisposing to epilepsy. These data represent the first evidence that autosomal dominant missense mutations of HCN1 can also be involved in GGE, without the characteristics of epileptic encephalopathy reported previously. It will be important to include HCN1 screening in patients with GGE, in order to extend the knowledge of the genetic causes of idiopathic epilepsies, thus paving the way for the identification of innovative therapeutic strategies.

A novel de novo HCN1 loss-of-function mutation in genetic generalized epilepsy causing increased neuronal excitability

Costa, Cinzia
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
2018

Abstract

The causes of genetic epilepsies are unknown in the majority of patients. HCN ion channels have a widespread expression in neurons and increasing evidence demonstrates their functional involvement in human epilepsies. Among the four known isoforms, HCN1 is the most expressed in the neocortex and hippocampus and de novo HCN1 point mutations have been recently associated with early infantile epileptic encephalopathy. So far, HCN1 mutations have not been reported in patients with idiopathic epilepsy. Using a Next Generation Sequencing approach, we identified the de novo heterozygous p.Leu157Val (c.469C > G) novel mutation in HCN1 in an adult male patient affected by genetic generalized epilepsy (GGE), with normal cognitive development. Electrophysiological analysis in heterologous expression model (CHO cells) and in neurons revealed that L157V is a loss-of-function, dominant negative mutation causing reduced HCN1 contribution to net inward current and responsible for an increased neuronal firing rate and excitability, potentially predisposing to epilepsy. These data represent the first evidence that autosomal dominant missense mutations of HCN1 can also be involved in GGE, without the characteristics of epileptic encephalopathy reported previously. It will be important to include HCN1 screening in patients with GGE, in order to extend the knowledge of the genetic causes of idiopathic epilepsies, thus paving the way for the identification of innovative therapeutic strategies.
2018
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11391/1438870
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