OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study was to detect bile acids and total bilirubin in saliva of gastrectomized patients, to confirm objectively presence of biliary laryngopharyngeal reflux and its relationship with laryngeal mucosa damage. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: Recently, it has been hypothesized that biliary-reflux may reach the upper aerodigestive tract and enhance development of laryngeal malignancies; nevertheless, the presence of duodenogastric contents in this region has never been revealed. METHODS: We carried out a prospective observational case-control study on 52 patients (cases) previously submitted to gastric surgery, mainly to subtotal Billroth II resection, and on 51 healthy volunteers (controls). Patients were submitted to clinical interview, esophagogastroduodenal endoscopy, endoscopic laryngeal evaluation, and saliva collection. In all saliva samples, bile acids, total bilirubin, and pepsinogen II were assayed. RESULTS: In cases, group bile acids levels were recorded in 17 of 52 (32.6%) patients, while in 35 of 52 (67.4%) they were undetectable. All controls were negative to bile acids. In positive cases to bile acids, we found a significant (P < 0.05) correlation between bile acids, total bilirubin, and pepsinogen II values and a significant (P < 0.05) higher prevalence of symptoms and findings of laryngeal damage and of previous laryngeal neoplastic lesions. CONCLUSIONS: We found detectable levels of bile acids and total bilirubin in saliva of patients submitted to previous gastric surgery, prospecting an intriguing diagnostic role of this dosage in the study of biliary laryngopharyngeal reflux. We finally revealed a high incidence of laryngeal disorders in patients with positive bile acids in saliva.

Bile acids and total bilirubin detection in saliva of patients submitted to gastric surgery and in particular to subtotal Billroth II resection

Rigante M;
2007

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study was to detect bile acids and total bilirubin in saliva of gastrectomized patients, to confirm objectively presence of biliary laryngopharyngeal reflux and its relationship with laryngeal mucosa damage. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: Recently, it has been hypothesized that biliary-reflux may reach the upper aerodigestive tract and enhance development of laryngeal malignancies; nevertheless, the presence of duodenogastric contents in this region has never been revealed. METHODS: We carried out a prospective observational case-control study on 52 patients (cases) previously submitted to gastric surgery, mainly to subtotal Billroth II resection, and on 51 healthy volunteers (controls). Patients were submitted to clinical interview, esophagogastroduodenal endoscopy, endoscopic laryngeal evaluation, and saliva collection. In all saliva samples, bile acids, total bilirubin, and pepsinogen II were assayed. RESULTS: In cases, group bile acids levels were recorded in 17 of 52 (32.6%) patients, while in 35 of 52 (67.4%) they were undetectable. All controls were negative to bile acids. In positive cases to bile acids, we found a significant (P < 0.05) correlation between bile acids, total bilirubin, and pepsinogen II values and a significant (P < 0.05) higher prevalence of symptoms and findings of laryngeal damage and of previous laryngeal neoplastic lesions. CONCLUSIONS: We found detectable levels of bile acids and total bilirubin in saliva of patients submitted to previous gastric surgery, prospecting an intriguing diagnostic role of this dosage in the study of biliary laryngopharyngeal reflux. We finally revealed a high incidence of laryngeal disorders in patients with positive bile acids in saliva.
2007
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11391/1446018
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