Cultivated olive, a typical fruit crop species of the semi-arid regions, could successfully face the new scenarios driven by the climate change through the selection of tolerant varieties to salt and drought stresses. In the present work, multidisciplinary approaches, including physiological, epigenetic and genetic studies, have been applied to clarify the salt tolerance mechanisms in olive. Four varieties (Koroneiki, Royal de Cazorla, Arbequina and Picual) and a related form (O. europaea subsp. cuspidata) were grown in a hydroponic system under diferent salt concentrations from zero to 200mM. In order to verify the plant response under salt stress, photosynthesis, gas exchange and relative water content were measured at diferent time points, whereas chlorophyll and leaf concentration of Na+, K+ and Ca2+ ions, were quantifed at 43 and 60 days after treatment, when stress symptoms became prominent. Methylation sensitive amplifcation polymorphism (MSAP) technique was used to assess the efects of salt stress on plant DNA methylation. Several fragments resulted diferentially methylated among genotypes, treatments and time points. Real time quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR) analysis revealed signifcant expression changes related to plant response to salinity. Four genes (OePIP1.1, OePetD, OePI4Kg4 and OeXyla) were identifed, as well as multiple retrotransposon elements usually targeted by methylation under stress conditions.

Physiological, epigenetic and genetic regulation in some olive cultivars under salt stress

Regni, Luca;Bocchini, Marika;Albertini, Emidio;Proietti, Primo
2019

Abstract

Cultivated olive, a typical fruit crop species of the semi-arid regions, could successfully face the new scenarios driven by the climate change through the selection of tolerant varieties to salt and drought stresses. In the present work, multidisciplinary approaches, including physiological, epigenetic and genetic studies, have been applied to clarify the salt tolerance mechanisms in olive. Four varieties (Koroneiki, Royal de Cazorla, Arbequina and Picual) and a related form (O. europaea subsp. cuspidata) were grown in a hydroponic system under diferent salt concentrations from zero to 200mM. In order to verify the plant response under salt stress, photosynthesis, gas exchange and relative water content were measured at diferent time points, whereas chlorophyll and leaf concentration of Na+, K+ and Ca2+ ions, were quantifed at 43 and 60 days after treatment, when stress symptoms became prominent. Methylation sensitive amplifcation polymorphism (MSAP) technique was used to assess the efects of salt stress on plant DNA methylation. Several fragments resulted diferentially methylated among genotypes, treatments and time points. Real time quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR) analysis revealed signifcant expression changes related to plant response to salinity. Four genes (OePIP1.1, OePetD, OePI4Kg4 and OeXyla) were identifed, as well as multiple retrotransposon elements usually targeted by methylation under stress conditions.
2019
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11391/1448524
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