Farmed trout are commonly fed carotenoid-enriched diets during the finishing period to acquire typical red-to-pink flesh color in salmonid muscle. The aim of this study was to examine the effects of two xanthophylls, astaxanthin (Ax) or canthaxanthin (Cx), administered individually or in combination, on oxidative stress biomarkers in kidney and liver of rainbow trout. Specimens were fed Ax (75 mg/kg) or Cx (25 mg/kg) individually or in combination in the diets for 8 weeks. Changes in concentration of oxidative stress biomarkers, including total glutathione, superoxide dismutase, glutathione peroxidase, glutathione reductase, and glutathione S-transferase, were recorded in Ax- and Cx-dosed trout. These two carotenoids, predominantly Cx, initiated enzymatic responses in rainbow trout. It is noteworthy that lipid peroxidation processes were not apparent in all Ax or Cx-dosed trout. Further, both combined xanthophylls did not exert significant synergistic effects in liver and kidney. Biomarker responses were generally altered in both tissues through the 4 and 8 weeks suggesting that different time-dependent mechanisms led to enhanced antioxidant defense in Ax and/or Cx-fed trout. Data demonstrated that these two xanthophylls did not exert detrimental effects on rainbow trout.

Effects of astaxanthin and canthaxanthin on oxidative stress biomarkers in rainbow trout

Antonia Concetta Elia
Writing – Review & Editing
;
Ambrosius Josef Martin Dörr
Methodology
;
Nicole Pacini
Methodology
;
MAGARA, GABRIELE
Methodology
;
2019

Abstract

Farmed trout are commonly fed carotenoid-enriched diets during the finishing period to acquire typical red-to-pink flesh color in salmonid muscle. The aim of this study was to examine the effects of two xanthophylls, astaxanthin (Ax) or canthaxanthin (Cx), administered individually or in combination, on oxidative stress biomarkers in kidney and liver of rainbow trout. Specimens were fed Ax (75 mg/kg) or Cx (25 mg/kg) individually or in combination in the diets for 8 weeks. Changes in concentration of oxidative stress biomarkers, including total glutathione, superoxide dismutase, glutathione peroxidase, glutathione reductase, and glutathione S-transferase, were recorded in Ax- and Cx-dosed trout. These two carotenoids, predominantly Cx, initiated enzymatic responses in rainbow trout. It is noteworthy that lipid peroxidation processes were not apparent in all Ax or Cx-dosed trout. Further, both combined xanthophylls did not exert significant synergistic effects in liver and kidney. Biomarker responses were generally altered in both tissues through the 4 and 8 weeks suggesting that different time-dependent mechanisms led to enhanced antioxidant defense in Ax and/or Cx-fed trout. Data demonstrated that these two xanthophylls did not exert detrimental effects on rainbow trout.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11391/1452652
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