The aim of this paper is to investigate the lack of women’s voices at the Second Congress of Black Writers and Artists (Rome, 1959). It brings out the machismo of the French-speaking literary world of the time and the injustice perpetrated against women whose absence does not correspond at all to a void. This absence is all the more worrying because women are present in literary criticism and production, as well as in African orality and historiography. However, it is men who are fighting for their future at the Congress and it is always men who are in charge of talking about them and for them after independence, which will cause women to lag behind in entering the panorama of literary creation. It was only in the 1980s that women raise their own voices and take their place in literary production, at first by using the creative spaces left free by men and then occupying all genres.
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