Background/Aim: The aim of the study was to compare the diagnostic accuracy of multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (mpMRI), multiparametric ultrasound (mpUS) and US/MRI fusion imaging techniques in the detection of prostate cancer. Patients and Methods: A total of 82 patients with persistently high prostate specific antigen (PSA) levels after medical therapy were prospectively evaluated. All patients underwent digital rectal examination, mpMRI, mpUS and prostate biopsy. Results: Histological outcome was positive for prostate cancer (PCa) in 46/82 patients (56.1%). MpMRI detected 54/82 lesions; histological analysis confirmed PCa in 44 lesions (sensitivity 91.3% and specificity 66.7%). Ratio estimation with semiquantitative elastography, between lesions and the peripheral portion showed a higher sensitivity and specificity compared to strain ration (SR) evaluation between lesions and adenomas (sensitivity 84.8% vs. 78.3%; specificity 66.6% vs. 61.1%). Quantitative analysis of contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) showed 40.0% sensitivity and 97.2% specificity. A total of 54 lesions detected by mpMRI and MRI/TRUS fusion targeted biopsy had a high number of positive samples (81.5%). Conclusion: mpMRI is more accurate than mpUS which still remains a valuable technique used after MRI for prostate fusion-guided biopsy.

Multiparametric MRI versus multiparametric US in the detection of prostate cancer

Scialpi M.
2019

Abstract

Background/Aim: The aim of the study was to compare the diagnostic accuracy of multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (mpMRI), multiparametric ultrasound (mpUS) and US/MRI fusion imaging techniques in the detection of prostate cancer. Patients and Methods: A total of 82 patients with persistently high prostate specific antigen (PSA) levels after medical therapy were prospectively evaluated. All patients underwent digital rectal examination, mpMRI, mpUS and prostate biopsy. Results: Histological outcome was positive for prostate cancer (PCa) in 46/82 patients (56.1%). MpMRI detected 54/82 lesions; histological analysis confirmed PCa in 44 lesions (sensitivity 91.3% and specificity 66.7%). Ratio estimation with semiquantitative elastography, between lesions and the peripheral portion showed a higher sensitivity and specificity compared to strain ration (SR) evaluation between lesions and adenomas (sensitivity 84.8% vs. 78.3%; specificity 66.6% vs. 61.1%). Quantitative analysis of contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) showed 40.0% sensitivity and 97.2% specificity. A total of 54 lesions detected by mpMRI and MRI/TRUS fusion targeted biopsy had a high number of positive samples (81.5%). Conclusion: mpMRI is more accurate than mpUS which still remains a valuable technique used after MRI for prostate fusion-guided biopsy.
2019
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11391/1462220
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