The story of information processing is a story of great success. Todays' microprocessors are devices of unprecedented complexity and MOSFET transistors are considered as the most widely produced artifact in the history of mankind. The current miniaturization of electronic circuits is pushed almost to the physical limit and begins to suffer from various parasitic effects. These facts stimulate intense research on neuromimetic devices. This feature article is devoted to various in materio implementation of neuromimetic processes, including neuronal dynamics, synaptic plasticity, and higher-level signal and information processing, along with more sophisticated implementations, including signal processing, speech recognition and data security. Due to the vast number of papers in the field, only a subjective selection of topics is presented in this review.
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