The diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease (AD) relies on the presence of amyloidosis and tauopathy, as reflected in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), independently from the clinical stage. Recently, CSF D-serine has been proposed as a possible new AD biomarker, reflecting dysfunctional activation of neuronal glutamatergic N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDAR). In this study, we measured blood serum and CSF concentration of two NMDAR modulators, such as D-serine and D-aspartate, in a cohort of drug-free subjects encompassing the whole AD clinical spectrum. In addition, we also analyzed D-serine levels in a cohort of post-mortem AD and control cortex samples. We reported unaltered serum and CSF concentrations of D-serine and D-aspartate in AD patients both during the AD progression and compared to non-demented controls. Accordingly, no correlation was detected between serum or CSF D-serine content and mini-mental state examination or Clinical Dementia Rating. Similarly, cortical D-serine levels were also unaltered in post-mortem samples of AD patients. Overall, our results failed to confirm previous findings indicating the CSF D-serine as a novel biomarker for AD.

Cerebrospinal fluid and serum D-serine concentrations are unaltered across the whole clinical spectrum of Alzheimer's disease

Mancini A.;Gaetani L.;Eusebi P.;Calabresi P.;Parnetti L.;
2020

Abstract

The diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease (AD) relies on the presence of amyloidosis and tauopathy, as reflected in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), independently from the clinical stage. Recently, CSF D-serine has been proposed as a possible new AD biomarker, reflecting dysfunctional activation of neuronal glutamatergic N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDAR). In this study, we measured blood serum and CSF concentration of two NMDAR modulators, such as D-serine and D-aspartate, in a cohort of drug-free subjects encompassing the whole AD clinical spectrum. In addition, we also analyzed D-serine levels in a cohort of post-mortem AD and control cortex samples. We reported unaltered serum and CSF concentrations of D-serine and D-aspartate in AD patients both during the AD progression and compared to non-demented controls. Accordingly, no correlation was detected between serum or CSF D-serine content and mini-mental state examination or Clinical Dementia Rating. Similarly, cortical D-serine levels were also unaltered in post-mortem samples of AD patients. Overall, our results failed to confirm previous findings indicating the CSF D-serine as a novel biomarker for AD.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11391/1475928
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