An analytical method for the quantification of thirty-three perfluoroalkyl and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) in animal liver was developed applying the isotopic dilution methodology with twenty-one labelled isotopologues of native compounds. The proposed protocol involved the determination of short and long aliphatic chain PFASs (C4[sbnd]C18) extracting liver with acetonitrile followed by two clean-up steps. The instrumental analysis was performed with liquid chromatography coupled to high-resolution mass spectrometry. The acquisition method combined full MS/dd-MS2, t-SIM/dd-MS2 and SIM experiments with variable resolution in order to maximize in one chromatographic run accuracy, sensitivity and selectivity. An eight-level validation study was performed evaluating linearity, trueness, precision, quantification and detection limits. Trueness was from 94 to 126% with intra-laboratory reproducibility lower than 20%. Limits of quantification were in the range 2–100 pg g−1, except for 2,3,3,3-tetrafluoro-2-(1,1,2,2,3,3,3-heptafluoropropoxy)-propanoic acid, HFPO-DA (500 pg g−1). The analysis of a certified reference material (IRMM-427) and participation in a proficiency test scheme (FAPAS – 0687) confirmed these satisfactory performances. Finally, the application of the developed procedure to detect PFASs in sixteen liver samples of farm animals revealed that chicken was the less contaminated species.

A liquid chromatography-high resolution mass spectrometry method for the determination of thirty-three per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances in animal liver

Saluti G.;Cruciani G.;
2020

Abstract

An analytical method for the quantification of thirty-three perfluoroalkyl and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) in animal liver was developed applying the isotopic dilution methodology with twenty-one labelled isotopologues of native compounds. The proposed protocol involved the determination of short and long aliphatic chain PFASs (C4[sbnd]C18) extracting liver with acetonitrile followed by two clean-up steps. The instrumental analysis was performed with liquid chromatography coupled to high-resolution mass spectrometry. The acquisition method combined full MS/dd-MS2, t-SIM/dd-MS2 and SIM experiments with variable resolution in order to maximize in one chromatographic run accuracy, sensitivity and selectivity. An eight-level validation study was performed evaluating linearity, trueness, precision, quantification and detection limits. Trueness was from 94 to 126% with intra-laboratory reproducibility lower than 20%. Limits of quantification were in the range 2–100 pg g−1, except for 2,3,3,3-tetrafluoro-2-(1,1,2,2,3,3,3-heptafluoropropoxy)-propanoic acid, HFPO-DA (500 pg g−1). The analysis of a certified reference material (IRMM-427) and participation in a proficiency test scheme (FAPAS – 0687) confirmed these satisfactory performances. Finally, the application of the developed procedure to detect PFASs in sixteen liver samples of farm animals revealed that chicken was the less contaminated species.
2020
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11391/1478980
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