Neuropathological investigations report that in synucleinopathies with dementia, namely Parkinson's disease (PD) with dementia (PDD) and dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB), the histopathological hallmarks of Alzheimer's Disease (AD), in particular amyloid plaques, are frequently observed. In this study, we investigated the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) AD biomarkers in different clinical phenotypes of synucleinopathies. CSF Aβ42/Aβ40 ratio, phosphorylated tau and total tau were measured as markers of amyloidosis (A), tauopathy (T) and neurodegeneration (N) respectively, in 98 PD (48 with mild cognitive impairment, PD-MCI; 50 cognitively unimpaired, PD-nMCI), 14 PDD and 15 DLB patients, and 48 neurological controls (CTRL). In our study, CSF AD biomarkers did not significantly differ between CTRL, PD-MCI and PD-nMCI patients. In PD-nMCI and PD-MCI groups, A-/T-/N- profile was the most represented. Prevalence of A+ was similar in PD-nMCI and PD-MCI (10% and 13%, respectively), being higher in PDD (64%) and in DLB (73%). DLB showed the lowest values of Aβ42/Aβ40 ratio. Higher total tau at baseline predicted a worse neuropsychological outcome after one year in PD-MCI. A+/T+, i.e., AD-like CSF profile, was most frequent in the DLB group (40% vs. 29% in PDD).

A/T/(N) Profile in Cerebrospinal Fluid of Parkinson's Disease with/without Cognitive Impairment and Dementia with Lewy Bodies

Bellomo, Giovanni;Paolini Paoletti, Federico;Chipi, Elena;Petricciuolo, Maya;Simoni, Simone;Tambasco, Nicola;Parnetti, Lucilla
2020-01-01

Abstract

Neuropathological investigations report that in synucleinopathies with dementia, namely Parkinson's disease (PD) with dementia (PDD) and dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB), the histopathological hallmarks of Alzheimer's Disease (AD), in particular amyloid plaques, are frequently observed. In this study, we investigated the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) AD biomarkers in different clinical phenotypes of synucleinopathies. CSF Aβ42/Aβ40 ratio, phosphorylated tau and total tau were measured as markers of amyloidosis (A), tauopathy (T) and neurodegeneration (N) respectively, in 98 PD (48 with mild cognitive impairment, PD-MCI; 50 cognitively unimpaired, PD-nMCI), 14 PDD and 15 DLB patients, and 48 neurological controls (CTRL). In our study, CSF AD biomarkers did not significantly differ between CTRL, PD-MCI and PD-nMCI patients. In PD-nMCI and PD-MCI groups, A-/T-/N- profile was the most represented. Prevalence of A+ was similar in PD-nMCI and PD-MCI (10% and 13%, respectively), being higher in PDD (64%) and in DLB (73%). DLB showed the lowest values of Aβ42/Aβ40 ratio. Higher total tau at baseline predicted a worse neuropsychological outcome after one year in PD-MCI. A+/T+, i.e., AD-like CSF profile, was most frequent in the DLB group (40% vs. 29% in PDD).
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11391/1479228
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 5
  • Scopus 14
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 12
social impact