In continuation of our efforts to identify promising antileishmanial agents based on the chroman scaffold, we synthesized several substituted 2H-thiochroman derivatives, including thiochromenes, thichromanones and hydrazones substituted in C-2 or C-3 with carbonyl or carboxyl groups. Thirty-two compounds were thus obtained, characterized, and evaluated against intracellular amastigotes of Leishmania (V) panamensis. Twelve compounds were active, with EC50 values lower than 40 µM, but only four compounds displayed the highest antileishmanial activity, with EC50 values below 10 µM; these all compounds possess a good Selectivity Index > 2.6. Although two active compounds were thiochromenes, a clear structure-activity relationship was not detected since each active compound has a different substitution pattern.
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