The project irexfo LIFE16 deals mainly with food waste and expired food prevention and reduction, but also with its valorization in biogas plants. Due to legal aspects the cycle of food waste needs to be closed returning the anaerobic digestate to the soil and so providing fertilizer for the cultivation and production of new crops. This is not possible at the moment in Italy because of the Decree of the 25th February 2016 on the disposal of digestate produced from raw materials which are not considered biomasses. The EU Regulation of 2019/1009 of the European Parliament and of the council of the 5th of June 2019, identifies some Component Materials Categories (CMCs), which can be considered as fertilizers; among them we find digestate other than fresh crop digestate, which includes digestate produced from bio-waste and another category on food industry wastes. For this reason, it is meaningful to compare the two possible alternatives: use of food waste digestate as it is in the field and use of food waste digestate after composting it (as currently required by the Italian law).
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