We study decentralized estimation of time-varying signals at a fusion center, when energy harvesting sensors transmit sampled data over rate-constrained links. We propose dynamic strategies to select radio parameters, sampling set, and harvested energy at each node, with the aim of estimating a time-varying signal while ensuring: i) accuracy of the recovery procedure, and ii) stability of the batteries around a prescribed operating level. The approach is based on stochastic optimization tools, which enable adaptive optimization without the need of apriori knowledge of the statistics of radio channels and energy arrivals processes. Numerical results validate the proposed approach for decentralized signal estimation under communication and energy constraints typical of Internet of Things (IoT) scenarios.
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