We examine the impact of oil price shocks on four U.S. macroeconomic variables over the period January 1974 to August 2016. We use local projections and consider different linear and nonlinear model specifications. The results suggest that oil price shocks have a large and significant effect not only on production, interest rates and unemployment, but also on credit spreads. The magnitude of these effects depends on the level of the oil price before the occurrence of the shock.
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