Accelerate Pheno™ (ACC) is a fully automated system providing rapid identification of a panel of bacteria and yeasts, and antimicrobial susceptibility testing of common bacterial pathogens responsible for bloodstream infections and sepsis. Diagnostic accuracy for identification ranges from 87.9 to 100%, and antimicrobial susceptibility testing categorical agreement is higher than 91%. The present review includes peer-reviewed studies on ACC published to date. Both interventional and hypothetical studies evidenced the potential positive clinical role of ACC in the management and therapy of patients with bloodstream infections and sepsis, due to the important reduction in time to report, suggesting a crucial impact on the therapeutic management of these patients, provided the presence of a hospital antimicrobial stewardship program, a 24/7 laboratory operating time and a strict collaboration between clinical microbiologist and clinician. Further prospective multicenter studies are necessary to explore the impact of this system on mortality, length of stay and spread of multidrug-resistant organisms.
Elio Cenci‡;Riccardo Paggi‡;Giuseppe De Socio;Silvia Bozza;Barbara Camilloni;Donatella Pietrella;Antonella Mencacci
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