Tin is one of the most promising alternatives to lead to make lead-free halide perovskites for optoelectronics. However, the stability of tin-based perovskites is hindered by the oxidation of Sn(II) to Sn(IV). Recent works established that dimethyl sulfoxide, which is one of the best-performing solvents for processing perovskite, is the primary source of tin oxidation. The quest for a stable solvent could be a game-changer in the stability of tin-based perovskites. Starting from a database of over 2000 solvents, we identified a series of 12 new solvents suitable for the processing of formamidinium tin iodide perovskite (FASnI3) by investigating (1) the solubility of the precursor chemicals FAI and SnI2, (2) the thermal stability of the precursor solution, and (3) the possibility of forming perovskite. Finally, we demonstrate a new solvent system to produce solar cells outperforming those based on DMSO. Our work provides guidelines for further identification of new solvents or solvent mixtures for preparing stable tin-based perovskites.

Solvents for Processing Stable Tin Halide Perovskites

Radicchi E.;De Angelis F.;
2021

Abstract

Tin is one of the most promising alternatives to lead to make lead-free halide perovskites for optoelectronics. However, the stability of tin-based perovskites is hindered by the oxidation of Sn(II) to Sn(IV). Recent works established that dimethyl sulfoxide, which is one of the best-performing solvents for processing perovskite, is the primary source of tin oxidation. The quest for a stable solvent could be a game-changer in the stability of tin-based perovskites. Starting from a database of over 2000 solvents, we identified a series of 12 new solvents suitable for the processing of formamidinium tin iodide perovskite (FASnI3) by investigating (1) the solubility of the precursor chemicals FAI and SnI2, (2) the thermal stability of the precursor solution, and (3) the possibility of forming perovskite. Finally, we demonstrate a new solvent system to produce solar cells outperforming those based on DMSO. Our work provides guidelines for further identification of new solvents or solvent mixtures for preparing stable tin-based perovskites.
2021
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11391/1489045
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