The use of carbon dioxide, originated from industrial processes, for gas hydrates production, is currently gaining the interest of researchers, due to the opportunity to increase the rate of methane recovery and, furthermore, to permanently store this greenhouse gas in solid form. However, the production of CO2 hydrates requires relatively high pressures and low temperatures and energy costs are often too elevated to make these applications feasible. The use of chemical promoters often allows to get around this problem and innumerable researches describe equilibrium condition for CO2 hydrates in the presence of the available and competitive promoter. This work deals with the consistent lack of information about the molecular and crystalline properties of these compounds, which play a crucial function in improving the efficiency of the process. In this research, CO2 hydrates were formed in the presence of THF and TBAB in the high-pressure optical cell. The Raman spectra and hydrates crystalline characteristics were observed in situ. The phase equilibrium results indicated that THF extended the temperature range for the stable presence of hydrates, and the optimal promoting concentration was 4.22 mol%. The same mass fraction of THF with NaCl solution still performed as a promoting effect with a narrow equilibrium temperature range. The structure of crystals was described with accuracy and the variation in crystals’ morphology associated with the presence of each specific additive, was characterized. The CO2-THF sII hydrate tended to form prismatic shaped crystals, and during the decomposition, the THF molecule separated from the clathrate cage, showing an internal collapse on the crystal scale. The CO2-TBAB semi-clathrate hydrate is columnar in shape and had a similar decomposition process. This work might help comprehend CO2 hydrate storage technology and could give theoretical basis for subsequent applications in the sector

Effect of promoters on CO2 hydrate formation: thermodynamic assessment and microscale Raman spectroscopy/hydrate crystal morphology characterization analysis

Alberto Maria Gambelli;Federico Rossi;
2021

Abstract

The use of carbon dioxide, originated from industrial processes, for gas hydrates production, is currently gaining the interest of researchers, due to the opportunity to increase the rate of methane recovery and, furthermore, to permanently store this greenhouse gas in solid form. However, the production of CO2 hydrates requires relatively high pressures and low temperatures and energy costs are often too elevated to make these applications feasible. The use of chemical promoters often allows to get around this problem and innumerable researches describe equilibrium condition for CO2 hydrates in the presence of the available and competitive promoter. This work deals with the consistent lack of information about the molecular and crystalline properties of these compounds, which play a crucial function in improving the efficiency of the process. In this research, CO2 hydrates were formed in the presence of THF and TBAB in the high-pressure optical cell. The Raman spectra and hydrates crystalline characteristics were observed in situ. The phase equilibrium results indicated that THF extended the temperature range for the stable presence of hydrates, and the optimal promoting concentration was 4.22 mol%. The same mass fraction of THF with NaCl solution still performed as a promoting effect with a narrow equilibrium temperature range. The structure of crystals was described with accuracy and the variation in crystals’ morphology associated with the presence of each specific additive, was characterized. The CO2-THF sII hydrate tended to form prismatic shaped crystals, and during the decomposition, the THF molecule separated from the clathrate cage, showing an internal collapse on the crystal scale. The CO2-TBAB semi-clathrate hydrate is columnar in shape and had a similar decomposition process. This work might help comprehend CO2 hydrate storage technology and could give theoretical basis for subsequent applications in the sector
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11391/1497601
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