This work is focused on the preparation and multi-technique characterization of potentially biocompatible reactive interfaces obtained by combining layered double hydroxides (LDHs) and hydroxyapatite (HA). Antimicrobial and osteoinductive metallic ions as Zn2+ and Ga3+ were chosen as intralayer constituents of LDH to obtain ZnAl and ZnAlGa systems. These LDHs, exchanged with dihydrogenphosphate anions, promoted the precipitation of HA on the LDH surface yielding HA@LDH composites. X-ray diffraction quantitative analysis, through the Rietveld refinement method, coupled with elemental analysis and micro-Raman spectroscopy showed the formation of a mixed Ca-Zn HA phase. Scanning electron microscopy revealed that HA, in the presence of LDH, grew preferentially along its a-axis, thus crystallizing mainly in the form of flake crystals. LDH and HA@LDH composites showed antibacterial activity against Staphylococcus aureus and Pseudomonas aeruginosa at not cytotoxic concentrations for human osteoblasts (hFob 1.19), especially when Ga cations were present in the LDH structure. The effect of the presence of HA in the composites on the bone-bonding ability and on human osteoblast proliferation was also investigated. The HA seemed to reduce the toxicity of the LDH toward human osteoblast while did not affect the bone-bonding ability. This multidisciplinary study provides the bio-chemical, structural characterization of new LDH and HA@LDH composites, evaluating also their bioactivity to be potentially applicable to titanium-based prostheses.

Bioinspired Reactive Interfaces Based on Layered Double Hydroxides-Zn Rich Hydroxyapatite with Antibacterial Activity

Donnadio A.;Bini M.;Mattarelli M.;Caponi S.;Ambrogi V.;Pietrella D.;Di Michele A.;Vivani R.
;
Nocchetti M.
2021-01-01

Abstract

This work is focused on the preparation and multi-technique characterization of potentially biocompatible reactive interfaces obtained by combining layered double hydroxides (LDHs) and hydroxyapatite (HA). Antimicrobial and osteoinductive metallic ions as Zn2+ and Ga3+ were chosen as intralayer constituents of LDH to obtain ZnAl and ZnAlGa systems. These LDHs, exchanged with dihydrogenphosphate anions, promoted the precipitation of HA on the LDH surface yielding HA@LDH composites. X-ray diffraction quantitative analysis, through the Rietveld refinement method, coupled with elemental analysis and micro-Raman spectroscopy showed the formation of a mixed Ca-Zn HA phase. Scanning electron microscopy revealed that HA, in the presence of LDH, grew preferentially along its a-axis, thus crystallizing mainly in the form of flake crystals. LDH and HA@LDH composites showed antibacterial activity against Staphylococcus aureus and Pseudomonas aeruginosa at not cytotoxic concentrations for human osteoblasts (hFob 1.19), especially when Ga cations were present in the LDH structure. The effect of the presence of HA in the composites on the bone-bonding ability and on human osteoblast proliferation was also investigated. The HA seemed to reduce the toxicity of the LDH toward human osteoblast while did not affect the bone-bonding ability. This multidisciplinary study provides the bio-chemical, structural characterization of new LDH and HA@LDH composites, evaluating also their bioactivity to be potentially applicable to titanium-based prostheses.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11391/1498374
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