A close relationship exists between gut microbiota and immune responses. An imbalance of this relationship can determine local and systemic immune diseases. In fact the immune system plays an essential role in maintaining of the homeostasis with the microbiota that normally reside in the gut, while, at the same time, the gut microbiota influences the immune system, modulating number and function of effector and regulatory T cells. To achieve this aim, the relationship between immune system and microbiota is achieved through several mechanisms, including the engagement of Toll-like Receptors (TLRs), specific receptors expressed on numerous cell types. TLRs are able to recognize ligands from commensal or pathogen microbiota and maintain the tolerance or trigger the immune response. In this review we summarize the latest evidence about the role of TLRs expressed in adaptive T cells, to understand how the immune system promotes intestinal homeostasis, fights invasion by pathogens and is modulated by the intestinal microbiota

IMMUNOMODULATION BY GUT MICROBIOTA: ROLE OF TOLL LIKE RECEPTORS EXPRESSED BY T CELLS

DI SANTE G
;
2014

Abstract

A close relationship exists between gut microbiota and immune responses. An imbalance of this relationship can determine local and systemic immune diseases. In fact the immune system plays an essential role in maintaining of the homeostasis with the microbiota that normally reside in the gut, while, at the same time, the gut microbiota influences the immune system, modulating number and function of effector and regulatory T cells. To achieve this aim, the relationship between immune system and microbiota is achieved through several mechanisms, including the engagement of Toll-like Receptors (TLRs), specific receptors expressed on numerous cell types. TLRs are able to recognize ligands from commensal or pathogen microbiota and maintain the tolerance or trigger the immune response. In this review we summarize the latest evidence about the role of TLRs expressed in adaptive T cells, to understand how the immune system promotes intestinal homeostasis, fights invasion by pathogens and is modulated by the intestinal microbiota
2014
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11391/1502462
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