Purpose: To describe the objectives, methods and expected impact of an international consortium (iKASCADE) whose purpose is to improve drug safety for older adults by addressing prescribing cascades through a sex and gender lens. Methods: To create a comprehensive, internationally relevant inventory of prescribing cascades affecting older adults, the consortium has created a modified Delphi procedure where international experts in prescribing and managing pharmacotherapy for older adults will rank a list of prescribing cascades as to their clinical importance. We will use administrative and clinical data on older adults to evaluate the frequency of prescribing cascades by sex internationally, in the hospital, long-term care and community settings. Finally, we will use semi-structured interviews and realistic, country-specific vignettes, each incorporating a prescribing cascade with identified sex differences, to explore how socially constructed gender roles contribute to the experience, presentation and management of prescribing cascades. Results: The consortium will synthesize the quantitative and qualitative results to produce a position paper and products—aimed at knowledge users within and outside of academia—designed to elevate the importance of integrating a gender dimension in the identification and prevention of prescribing cascades. Conclusion: Findings will improve our understanding of how adverse drug events are different between older women and men and inform the development and dissemination of tailored knowledge translation products to reduce the frequency and impact of prescribing cascades.

Identifying key prescribing cascades in older people (iKASCADE): a transnational initiative on drug safety through a sex and gender lens—rationale and design

Cherubini A.
;
2021

Abstract

Purpose: To describe the objectives, methods and expected impact of an international consortium (iKASCADE) whose purpose is to improve drug safety for older adults by addressing prescribing cascades through a sex and gender lens. Methods: To create a comprehensive, internationally relevant inventory of prescribing cascades affecting older adults, the consortium has created a modified Delphi procedure where international experts in prescribing and managing pharmacotherapy for older adults will rank a list of prescribing cascades as to their clinical importance. We will use administrative and clinical data on older adults to evaluate the frequency of prescribing cascades by sex internationally, in the hospital, long-term care and community settings. Finally, we will use semi-structured interviews and realistic, country-specific vignettes, each incorporating a prescribing cascade with identified sex differences, to explore how socially constructed gender roles contribute to the experience, presentation and management of prescribing cascades. Results: The consortium will synthesize the quantitative and qualitative results to produce a position paper and products—aimed at knowledge users within and outside of academia—designed to elevate the importance of integrating a gender dimension in the identification and prevention of prescribing cascades. Conclusion: Findings will improve our understanding of how adverse drug events are different between older women and men and inform the development and dissemination of tailored knowledge translation products to reduce the frequency and impact of prescribing cascades.
2021
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11391/1503939
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