OBJECTIVE: At present, the duration of the effect of recombinant human growth hormone (rhGH) on the rates of protein synthesis and lipolysis in GH deficient (GHD) adults is unknown. This study was designed to establish the frequency of rhGH administration necessary to provide the beneficial metabolic effects of the hormone in GHD adults. DESIGN AND PATIENTS: Two different studies (A and B) were performed in two groups of five GHD men. In study A, whole body protein and lipid kinetics was determined in the basal state (Bas), 12 (GH12h) and 36 (GH36h) h after the last of seven injections of rhGH (3.3 microg/kg), given at bedtime on alternate days. In study B, the same parameters were determined in the basal state (Bas), 60 (GH60h) and 84 (GH84h) h after the last of seven injections of rhGH (3.3 microg/kg), given at bedtime at 3 day intervals. MEASUREMENTS: The rates of protein metabolism were estimated by infusing [1-13C]leucine, and those of lipolysis by infusing [1,1,2,3, 3-D5]glycerol. RESULTS: Leucine oxidation decreased (P < 0.01) by approximately 30% after GH12h and GH36h but did not change after GH60h and GH84h. Non-oxidative leucine disposal increased after GH12h and GH36h by approximately 13% (P < 0.05) whereas it did not change after GH60h and GH84h. Glycerol appearance increased (P < 0. 01) by approximately 45% after GH12h and GH36h but did not change after GH60h and GH84h. CONCLUSIONS: The effects on protein and lipid metabolism following the injection of rhGH last longer than 36 and less than 60 h. In fact, rhGH administration on alternate days induced a sustained increase in the rates of protein synthesis and lipolysis of GHD adults, whereas a longer interval of administration (3 days) had no effect by 60 h.

Administration of Recombinant Human GH on Alternate Days is sufficient to increase whole Body Protein Synthesis and Lipolysis in GH Deficient Adults

LUCIDI, Paola;ANGELETTI, Gabriella;SANTEUSANIO, Fausto;DE FEO, Pierpaolo
2000-01-01

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: At present, the duration of the effect of recombinant human growth hormone (rhGH) on the rates of protein synthesis and lipolysis in GH deficient (GHD) adults is unknown. This study was designed to establish the frequency of rhGH administration necessary to provide the beneficial metabolic effects of the hormone in GHD adults. DESIGN AND PATIENTS: Two different studies (A and B) were performed in two groups of five GHD men. In study A, whole body protein and lipid kinetics was determined in the basal state (Bas), 12 (GH12h) and 36 (GH36h) h after the last of seven injections of rhGH (3.3 microg/kg), given at bedtime on alternate days. In study B, the same parameters were determined in the basal state (Bas), 60 (GH60h) and 84 (GH84h) h after the last of seven injections of rhGH (3.3 microg/kg), given at bedtime at 3 day intervals. MEASUREMENTS: The rates of protein metabolism were estimated by infusing [1-13C]leucine, and those of lipolysis by infusing [1,1,2,3, 3-D5]glycerol. RESULTS: Leucine oxidation decreased (P < 0.01) by approximately 30% after GH12h and GH36h but did not change after GH60h and GH84h. Non-oxidative leucine disposal increased after GH12h and GH36h by approximately 13% (P < 0.05) whereas it did not change after GH60h and GH84h. Glycerol appearance increased (P < 0. 01) by approximately 45% after GH12h and GH36h but did not change after GH60h and GH84h. CONCLUSIONS: The effects on protein and lipid metabolism following the injection of rhGH last longer than 36 and less than 60 h. In fact, rhGH administration on alternate days induced a sustained increase in the rates of protein synthesis and lipolysis of GHD adults, whereas a longer interval of administration (3 days) had no effect by 60 h.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11391/150604
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus ND
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact