Flexible and biocompatible adhesives with sensing capabilities can be integrated onto human body and organ surfaces, characterized by complex geometries, thus having the potential to sense their physiological stimuli offering monitoring and diagnosis of a wide spectrum of diseases. The challenges in this innovative field are: i) the coupling method between the smart adhesive and the soft human substrates, ii) the bioresorbable behavior of the material, iii) the electrical exchange with the substrate. Here, we introduce a multifunctional composite by mixing silk fibroin, featuring piezoelectric properties, with a soluble plant-derived polyphenol (i.e., chestnut tannin) modified with graphene nanoplatelets. This material behaves as a glue on different substrates and gives rise to high elongation at break, conformability, and adhesive performances to gastrointestinal tissues in rat model and favors the printability via extrusion-based 3D Printing. Exploiting these properties, we design a bioresorbable 3D printed flexible and self-adhesive piezoelectric device that senses the motility once applied onto a phantom intestine and the hand gesture by signal translation. Experimental results also include the biocompatibility study using gastrointestinal cells. These findings could have applicability in animal model studies and, thanks to the bioresorbable behavior of the materials, such adhesive device could be used for monitoring the motility of the gastrointestinal tract and for the diagnosis of motility disorders.

3D Printing Silk-based Bioresorbable Piezoelectric Self-Adhesive Holey Structures for In Vivo Monitoring on Soft Tissues

Maria Rachele Ceccarini
Formal Analysis
;
Lorenzo Mussolin
Formal Analysis
;
Tommaso Beccari
Writing – Review & Editing
;
Luca Valentini
Conceptualization
2022

Abstract

Flexible and biocompatible adhesives with sensing capabilities can be integrated onto human body and organ surfaces, characterized by complex geometries, thus having the potential to sense their physiological stimuli offering monitoring and diagnosis of a wide spectrum of diseases. The challenges in this innovative field are: i) the coupling method between the smart adhesive and the soft human substrates, ii) the bioresorbable behavior of the material, iii) the electrical exchange with the substrate. Here, we introduce a multifunctional composite by mixing silk fibroin, featuring piezoelectric properties, with a soluble plant-derived polyphenol (i.e., chestnut tannin) modified with graphene nanoplatelets. This material behaves as a glue on different substrates and gives rise to high elongation at break, conformability, and adhesive performances to gastrointestinal tissues in rat model and favors the printability via extrusion-based 3D Printing. Exploiting these properties, we design a bioresorbable 3D printed flexible and self-adhesive piezoelectric device that senses the motility once applied onto a phantom intestine and the hand gesture by signal translation. Experimental results also include the biocompatibility study using gastrointestinal cells. These findings could have applicability in animal model studies and, thanks to the bioresorbable behavior of the materials, such adhesive device could be used for monitoring the motility of the gastrointestinal tract and for the diagnosis of motility disorders.
2022
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11391/1515780
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