Neonatal porcine cell clusters (NPCCs) might replace human for transplant in patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM). However, these islets are not immediately functional, due to their incomplete maturation/ differentiation. We then have addressed: 1) to assess whether in vitro coculture of islets with homologous Sertoli cells (SC) would shorten NPCCs' functional time lag, by accelerating the beta-cell biological maturation/differentiation; 2) to evaluate metabolic outcome of the SC preincubated, and microencapsulated NPCCs, upon graft into spontaneously diabetic NOD mice. The islets, isolated from < 3 day piglets, were examined in terms of morphology/viability/function and final yield. SC effects on the islet maturation pathways, both in vitro and in vivo, upon microencapsulation in alginate/poly-L-ornithine, and intraperitoneal graft into spontaneously diabetic NOD mice were determined. Double fluorescence immunolabeling showed increase in beta-cell mass for SC+ neonatal porcine islets versus islets alone. In vitro insulin release in response to glucose, as well as mRNA insulin expression, were significantly higher for SC+ neonatal porcine islets compared with control, thereby confirming SC-induced increase in viable and functional beta-cell mass. Graft of microencapsulated SC+ neonatal porcine islets versus encapsulated islets alone resulted in significantly longer remission of hyperglycemia in NOD mice. We have preliminarily shown that the in vitro NPCCs' maturation time lag can dramatically be curtailed by coincubating these islets with SC. Graft of microencapsulated neonatal porcine islets, precultured in Sertoli cells, has been proven successful in correcting hyperglycemia in stringent animal model of spontaneous diabetes.

Accelerated functional maturation of isolated neonatal porcine cell clusters: in vitro and in vivo results in NOD mice.

LUCA, Giovanni;CALVITTI, Mario;BECCHETTI, Ennio;BARONI, Tiziano;CALAFIORE, Riccardo
2005-01-01

Abstract

Neonatal porcine cell clusters (NPCCs) might replace human for transplant in patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM). However, these islets are not immediately functional, due to their incomplete maturation/ differentiation. We then have addressed: 1) to assess whether in vitro coculture of islets with homologous Sertoli cells (SC) would shorten NPCCs' functional time lag, by accelerating the beta-cell biological maturation/differentiation; 2) to evaluate metabolic outcome of the SC preincubated, and microencapsulated NPCCs, upon graft into spontaneously diabetic NOD mice. The islets, isolated from < 3 day piglets, were examined in terms of morphology/viability/function and final yield. SC effects on the islet maturation pathways, both in vitro and in vivo, upon microencapsulation in alginate/poly-L-ornithine, and intraperitoneal graft into spontaneously diabetic NOD mice were determined. Double fluorescence immunolabeling showed increase in beta-cell mass for SC+ neonatal porcine islets versus islets alone. In vitro insulin release in response to glucose, as well as mRNA insulin expression, were significantly higher for SC+ neonatal porcine islets compared with control, thereby confirming SC-induced increase in viable and functional beta-cell mass. Graft of microencapsulated SC+ neonatal porcine islets versus encapsulated islets alone resulted in significantly longer remission of hyperglycemia in NOD mice. We have preliminarily shown that the in vitro NPCCs' maturation time lag can dramatically be curtailed by coincubating these islets with SC. Graft of microencapsulated neonatal porcine islets, precultured in Sertoli cells, has been proven successful in correcting hyperglycemia in stringent animal model of spontaneous diabetes.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11391/152331
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 43
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact