The relative contributions of local T helper cell type 1 (Th1)- and Th2-like responses to the course of primary and secondary gastrointestinal (GI) candidiasis were examined in adult immunocompetent BALB/c mice. Both Th1 cytokines, such as interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma), and the Th2 cytokines, interleukin (IL)-4 and IL-5, were produced by CD4+ cells from Peyer's patches (PP) and mesenteric lymph nodes at a time when the fungus was cleared from the stomach and intestine. Augmentation of antigen-specific Th2-like responses by treatment with cholera toxin did not modify the course of disease. In contrast, treatment with soluble IL-4 receptor, which increased Th1 cells, was associated with enhanced yeast clearance. In addition, IFN-gamma but not IL-4 mRNA was present in PP and spleen CD4+ cells in mice resistant to subsequent GI inoculation. Activation of Th1- but not Th2-like responses may be responsible locally for controlling GI candidiasis and generating protective immunity.

T helper cell type 1 (Th1)- and Th2-like responses are present in mice with gastric candidiasis but protective immunity is associated with Th1 development.

CENCI, Elio;MENCACCI, Antonella;SPACCAPELO, Roberta;MOSCI, Paolo;PUCCETTI, Paolo;ROMANI, Luigina;BISTONI, Francesco
1995

Abstract

The relative contributions of local T helper cell type 1 (Th1)- and Th2-like responses to the course of primary and secondary gastrointestinal (GI) candidiasis were examined in adult immunocompetent BALB/c mice. Both Th1 cytokines, such as interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma), and the Th2 cytokines, interleukin (IL)-4 and IL-5, were produced by CD4+ cells from Peyer's patches (PP) and mesenteric lymph nodes at a time when the fungus was cleared from the stomach and intestine. Augmentation of antigen-specific Th2-like responses by treatment with cholera toxin did not modify the course of disease. In contrast, treatment with soluble IL-4 receptor, which increased Th1 cells, was associated with enhanced yeast clearance. In addition, IFN-gamma but not IL-4 mRNA was present in PP and spleen CD4+ cells in mice resistant to subsequent GI inoculation. Activation of Th1- but not Th2-like responses may be responsible locally for controlling GI candidiasis and generating protective immunity.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11391/152543
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