Introduction: The aim of this study was to assess whether antibiotic prophylaxis or therapy is sufficient for laparoscopic or vaginal prolapse surgery with mesh. Methods: This is a single-center prospective study. The study was divided into 3 groups. Protocol A: metronidazole (15 mg/kg) and piperacillin-tazobactam (2 g) 1 h before surgery and, for postoperative treatment, gentamycin (160 mg) 1 h before surgery in a single dose. Metronidazole and piperacillin-tazobactam were administered until hospital discharge. Protocol B: gentamycin and piperacillin-tazobactam in the same manner as group A. Protocol C: clindamycin (600 mg) and gentamicin (160 mg) 1 h before surgery in a single dose. Results: We included 87 consecutive patients who underwent prolapse surgery involving mesh prostheses: 57 by the laparoscopic approach and 30 by the vaginal route. Of these, 30 patients were included in protocol A, 30 in protocol B, and 27 in protocol C. There were no statistically significant differences among the 3 protocols regarding any postoperative complications, except for urinary tract infections that were more in the vaginal approach than in the laparoscopic route, in protocol A (p = 0.002). Conclusions: One-shot prophylaxis can be successfully used in prolapse surgery regardless of the surgical approach.

Prolapse Surgery: What Kind of Antibiotic Prophylaxis Is Necessary?

Illiano E.;Trama F.;Brancorsini S.;Costantini E.
2021

Abstract

Introduction: The aim of this study was to assess whether antibiotic prophylaxis or therapy is sufficient for laparoscopic or vaginal prolapse surgery with mesh. Methods: This is a single-center prospective study. The study was divided into 3 groups. Protocol A: metronidazole (15 mg/kg) and piperacillin-tazobactam (2 g) 1 h before surgery and, for postoperative treatment, gentamycin (160 mg) 1 h before surgery in a single dose. Metronidazole and piperacillin-tazobactam were administered until hospital discharge. Protocol B: gentamycin and piperacillin-tazobactam in the same manner as group A. Protocol C: clindamycin (600 mg) and gentamicin (160 mg) 1 h before surgery in a single dose. Results: We included 87 consecutive patients who underwent prolapse surgery involving mesh prostheses: 57 by the laparoscopic approach and 30 by the vaginal route. Of these, 30 patients were included in protocol A, 30 in protocol B, and 27 in protocol C. There were no statistically significant differences among the 3 protocols regarding any postoperative complications, except for urinary tract infections that were more in the vaginal approach than in the laparoscopic route, in protocol A (p = 0.002). Conclusions: One-shot prophylaxis can be successfully used in prolapse surgery regardless of the surgical approach.
2021
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11391/1527178
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 0
  • Scopus 5
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 5
social impact