Aim: Recently, there has been increasing interest in providing Personal Health Budgets (PHBs) to patients with severe mental illness. However, information on implementing PHB initiatives is still limited. Aim of this observational study was to evaluate the applicability of a PHB intervention model in a sample of Italian adults with first-episode psychosis (FEP) across a 2-year follow-up period. Methods: Participants (n = 104; 18–50 years) were recruited within the ‘Parma-Early Psychosis’ program and completed the brief psychiatric rating scale (BPRS), the health of nation outcome scale (HoNOS) and the global assessment of functioning (GAF). Mixed-design analysis of variance (ANOVA) and Kaplan-Maier survival analysis (as drop-out measure) were performed. Results: A significant effect of time on all BPRS, HoNOS and GAF scores along the follow-up was observed in both the FEP subgroups (i.e., with [n = 49] and without [n = 55] PHB intervention). Mixed-design ANOVA results showed a significant ‘time x group’ interaction effects on BPRS ‘Disorganization’, HoNOS ‘Psychiatric Symptoms’ and GAF scores in FEP participants with PHB. Kaplan-Meyer survival analysis showed a longer survival mean for FEP patients with PHB. Conclusions: Our results support the applicability of a PHB model within an ‘Early Intervention in Psychosis’ program in public community mental health services.

Personal health budget in patients with first episode psychosis: A new rehabilitation model based on a community care system in Italy

Raballo A.;
2022

Abstract

Aim: Recently, there has been increasing interest in providing Personal Health Budgets (PHBs) to patients with severe mental illness. However, information on implementing PHB initiatives is still limited. Aim of this observational study was to evaluate the applicability of a PHB intervention model in a sample of Italian adults with first-episode psychosis (FEP) across a 2-year follow-up period. Methods: Participants (n = 104; 18–50 years) were recruited within the ‘Parma-Early Psychosis’ program and completed the brief psychiatric rating scale (BPRS), the health of nation outcome scale (HoNOS) and the global assessment of functioning (GAF). Mixed-design analysis of variance (ANOVA) and Kaplan-Maier survival analysis (as drop-out measure) were performed. Results: A significant effect of time on all BPRS, HoNOS and GAF scores along the follow-up was observed in both the FEP subgroups (i.e., with [n = 49] and without [n = 55] PHB intervention). Mixed-design ANOVA results showed a significant ‘time x group’ interaction effects on BPRS ‘Disorganization’, HoNOS ‘Psychiatric Symptoms’ and GAF scores in FEP participants with PHB. Kaplan-Meyer survival analysis showed a longer survival mean for FEP patients with PHB. Conclusions: Our results support the applicability of a PHB model within an ‘Early Intervention in Psychosis’ program in public community mental health services.
2022
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11391/1527488
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