Satellite observations (Copernicus Sentinell-1) can supply antecedent soil moisture data, which helps to predict thresholds triggering runoff and runoff volume. In the paper, we developed a runoff correction factor to the USLE, using rainfall and satellite antecedent soil moisture data, following the approach of the modified USLE models such as the USLE-M and USLE-MM. The runoff and soil loss estimations accuracy are validated by plot-scale measurements (2008–2020 period) provided by SERLAB (Soil Erosion Laboratory) of the University of Perugia. The results show that the event rainfall depth added to the antecedent soil moisture is a fairly suitable predictor of the runoff. Using the simulated runoff in a USLE-MM model, the capability to predict event soil losses is enhanced with an RMSE = 0.57 Mg/ha lower than the RMSE ≈ 3.1 Mg/ha obtained by the USLE model. Using a modified USLE model, albeit with remote estimated runoff data, is still more advantageous at the event scale than the USLE model, which does not consider the runoff. These results are particularly significant for the estimation of runoff and soil losses. Satellite data shows the potential of applying the modified USLE models for large-scale monitoring and quantification of event soil erosion and runoff.

Soil Loss Estimation Coupling a Modified USLE Model with a Runoff Correction Factor Based on Rainfall and Satellite Soil Moisture Data

Francesca, Todisco
Writing – Original Draft Preparation
;
Lorenzo, Vergni
Writing – Original Draft Preparation
;
Sofia, Ortenzi
Writing – Original Draft Preparation
;
Lucio, Di Matteo
Writing – Original Draft Preparation
2022

Abstract

Satellite observations (Copernicus Sentinell-1) can supply antecedent soil moisture data, which helps to predict thresholds triggering runoff and runoff volume. In the paper, we developed a runoff correction factor to the USLE, using rainfall and satellite antecedent soil moisture data, following the approach of the modified USLE models such as the USLE-M and USLE-MM. The runoff and soil loss estimations accuracy are validated by plot-scale measurements (2008–2020 period) provided by SERLAB (Soil Erosion Laboratory) of the University of Perugia. The results show that the event rainfall depth added to the antecedent soil moisture is a fairly suitable predictor of the runoff. Using the simulated runoff in a USLE-MM model, the capability to predict event soil losses is enhanced with an RMSE = 0.57 Mg/ha lower than the RMSE ≈ 3.1 Mg/ha obtained by the USLE model. Using a modified USLE model, albeit with remote estimated runoff data, is still more advantageous at the event scale than the USLE model, which does not consider the runoff. These results are particularly significant for the estimation of runoff and soil losses. Satellite data shows the potential of applying the modified USLE models for large-scale monitoring and quantification of event soil erosion and runoff.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11391/1531093
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