Up to 50% of patients presenting with stable, mainly exercise-induced, chest pain and 10-20% of those admitted to hospital with chest pain suggesting an acute coronary syndrome show normal or near-normal coronary arteries at angiography. Coronary microvascular dysfunction (CMD) is a major cause of symptoms in these patients. However, controversial data exist about their prognosis. In this article, we critically review characteristics and results of the main studies that assessed clinical outcome of patients with angina chest pain and nonobstructive coronary artery disease presenting with either a stable angina pattern or an acute coronary syndrome. Published data indicate that the patients included in most studies are heterogeneous and a major determinant of clinical outcome is the presence of atherosclerotic, albeit not obstructive, coronary artery disease. Long-term prognosis seems instead excellent in patients with totally normal coronary arteries and a syndrome of CMD-related stable angina (microvascular angina). On the other hand, the prognostic impact of CMD in patients presenting with an acute coronary syndrome needs to be better assessed in future studies.

Clinical outcomes of patients with coronary microvascular dysfunction in absence of obstructive coronary atherosclerosis

Tritto, Isabella;
2022

Abstract

Up to 50% of patients presenting with stable, mainly exercise-induced, chest pain and 10-20% of those admitted to hospital with chest pain suggesting an acute coronary syndrome show normal or near-normal coronary arteries at angiography. Coronary microvascular dysfunction (CMD) is a major cause of symptoms in these patients. However, controversial data exist about their prognosis. In this article, we critically review characteristics and results of the main studies that assessed clinical outcome of patients with angina chest pain and nonobstructive coronary artery disease presenting with either a stable angina pattern or an acute coronary syndrome. Published data indicate that the patients included in most studies are heterogeneous and a major determinant of clinical outcome is the presence of atherosclerotic, albeit not obstructive, coronary artery disease. Long-term prognosis seems instead excellent in patients with totally normal coronary arteries and a syndrome of CMD-related stable angina (microvascular angina). On the other hand, the prognostic impact of CMD in patients presenting with an acute coronary syndrome needs to be better assessed in future studies.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11391/1531516
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