Background: Wave energy represents one of the most promising renewable energies due to its great theoretical potential. Nevertheless, the electrical compliance of grid-connected systems is a great issue nowadays, due to the highly stochastic nature of wave energy. Methods: In this paper, a Hybrid Energy Storage System (HESS) consisting of a Li-ion battery and a flywheel is coupled to a Wave Energy Converter (WEC) that operates in grid connected mode. The study is performed using real yearly wave power profiles relating to three different sites located along the European coasts. The Simultaneous Perturbation Stochastic Approximation (SPSA) principle is implemented as real-time power management strategy for HESS in wave energy conversion systems. Results: Obtained results demonstrate how the proposed HESS and the implementation of the SPSA power management coupled to a WEC allow a reduction of more than 80% of power oscillations at the Point of Common Coupling (PCC), while proving the robustness of the developed management strategy over the investigated sites. Moreover, the average energy penalty due to the HESS integration results slightly higher than 5% and battery solicitation is reduced by more than 64% with respect to the flywheel solicitation, contributing to extend its lifetime. Conclusions: HESS integration in renewable generation systems maximizes the WEC production while smoothing the power at the PCC. Specifically, flywheel-battery HESS together with the implemented power management strategy could provide a great flexibility in the view of increasing power production from waves, strongly mitigating the variability of this source while enhancing grid safety and stability.

An effective solution to boost generation from waves: Benefits of a hybrid energy storage system integration to wave energy converter in grid-connected systems

L. Barelli
;
G. Bidini;Dario Pelosi;
2022

Abstract

Background: Wave energy represents one of the most promising renewable energies due to its great theoretical potential. Nevertheless, the electrical compliance of grid-connected systems is a great issue nowadays, due to the highly stochastic nature of wave energy. Methods: In this paper, a Hybrid Energy Storage System (HESS) consisting of a Li-ion battery and a flywheel is coupled to a Wave Energy Converter (WEC) that operates in grid connected mode. The study is performed using real yearly wave power profiles relating to three different sites located along the European coasts. The Simultaneous Perturbation Stochastic Approximation (SPSA) principle is implemented as real-time power management strategy for HESS in wave energy conversion systems. Results: Obtained results demonstrate how the proposed HESS and the implementation of the SPSA power management coupled to a WEC allow a reduction of more than 80% of power oscillations at the Point of Common Coupling (PCC), while proving the robustness of the developed management strategy over the investigated sites. Moreover, the average energy penalty due to the HESS integration results slightly higher than 5% and battery solicitation is reduced by more than 64% with respect to the flywheel solicitation, contributing to extend its lifetime. Conclusions: HESS integration in renewable generation systems maximizes the WEC production while smoothing the power at the PCC. Specifically, flywheel-battery HESS together with the implemented power management strategy could provide a great flexibility in the view of increasing power production from waves, strongly mitigating the variability of this source while enhancing grid safety and stability.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11391/1532671
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