Background: The management and repair of knee cartilage lesions currently represents a challenge for the orthopaedic surgeon. Identificable causes are the characteristics of the involved tissues themselves and the presence of poor vascularization, which is responsible for overall reduced repair capacity. Materials and Methods: For our article, we have evaluated the research systems of PubMed and google scholar considering the scientific articles of the last twenty years concerning our topic. Results: The literature reports three types of cartilage lesions’ treatment modalities: chondroprotection, chondroreparation and chondroregeneration. The preference for one or the other therapeutic option depends on the pattern of the lesion and the clinical conditions of the patient. Conclusions: Each treatment technique is distinguished by the quality of the restora-tive tissue that is generated. In particular, the chondroregeneration represents the last frontier of regenerative medicine, as it aims at the complete restoration of natural cartilage. However, the most recent literature docu-ments good results only in the short and medium terms. In recent years, the optimization of chondroregen-eration outcomes is based on the modification of the scaffolds and the search for new chondrocyte sources, in order to guarantee satisfactory long-term results. (www.actabiomedica.it).

The treatment of knee cartilaginous injuries: state of the art

Talesa G. R.;Manfreda F.;Ceccarini P.;Antinolfi P.;Rinonapoli G.;Caraffa A.
2022

Abstract

Background: The management and repair of knee cartilage lesions currently represents a challenge for the orthopaedic surgeon. Identificable causes are the characteristics of the involved tissues themselves and the presence of poor vascularization, which is responsible for overall reduced repair capacity. Materials and Methods: For our article, we have evaluated the research systems of PubMed and google scholar considering the scientific articles of the last twenty years concerning our topic. Results: The literature reports three types of cartilage lesions’ treatment modalities: chondroprotection, chondroreparation and chondroregeneration. The preference for one or the other therapeutic option depends on the pattern of the lesion and the clinical conditions of the patient. Conclusions: Each treatment technique is distinguished by the quality of the restora-tive tissue that is generated. In particular, the chondroregeneration represents the last frontier of regenerative medicine, as it aims at the complete restoration of natural cartilage. However, the most recent literature docu-ments good results only in the short and medium terms. In recent years, the optimization of chondroregen-eration outcomes is based on the modification of the scaffolds and the search for new chondrocyte sources, in order to guarantee satisfactory long-term results. (www.actabiomedica.it).
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11391/1533314
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