The synthesis of new families of stable or at least spectroscopically observable gold(III) hydride complexes is reported, including anionic cis-hydrido chloride, hydrido aryl, and cis-dihydride complexes. Reactions between (C^C)AuCl(PR 3 ) and LiHBEt 3 afford the first examples of gold(III) phosphino hydrides (C^C)AuH(PR 3 ) (R = Me, Ph, p-tolyl; C^C = 4,4′-di-tert-butylbiphenyl-2,2′-diyl). The X-ray structure of (C^C)AuH(PMe 3 ) was determined. LiHBEt 3 reacts with (C^C)AuCl(py) to give [(C^C)Au(H)Cl] - , whereas (C^C)AuH(PR 3 ) undergoes phosphine displacement, generating the dihydride [(C^C)AuH 2 ] - . Monohydrido complexes hydroaurate dimethylacetylene dicarboxylate to give Z-vinyls. (C^N^C)Au pincer complexes give the first examples of gold(III) bridging hydrides. Stability, reactivity and bonding characteristics of Au(III)-H complexes crucially depend on the interplay between cis and trans-influence. Remarkably, these new gold(III) hydrides extend the range of observed NMR hydride shifts from δ -8.5 to +7 ppm. Relativistic DFT calculations show that the origin of this wide chemical shift variability as a function of the ligands depends on the different ordering and energy gap between "shielding" Au(d π )-based orbitals and "deshielding" σ(Au-H)-type MOs, which are mixed to some extent upon inclusion of spin-orbit (SO) coupling. The resulting 1 H hydride shifts correlate linearly with the DFT optimized Au-H distances and Au-H bond covalency. The effect of cis ligands follows a nearly inverse ordering to that of trans ligands. This study appears to be the first systematic delineation of cis ligand influence on M-H NMR shifts and provides the experimental evidence for the dramatic change of the 1 H hydride shifts, including the sign change, upon mutual cis and trans ligand alternation.

Unlocking Structural Diversity in Gold(III) Hydrides: Unexpected Interplay of cis/ trans-Influence on Stability, Insertion Chemistry, and NMR Chemical Shifts

Rocchigiani L.
;
2018

Abstract

The synthesis of new families of stable or at least spectroscopically observable gold(III) hydride complexes is reported, including anionic cis-hydrido chloride, hydrido aryl, and cis-dihydride complexes. Reactions between (C^C)AuCl(PR 3 ) and LiHBEt 3 afford the first examples of gold(III) phosphino hydrides (C^C)AuH(PR 3 ) (R = Me, Ph, p-tolyl; C^C = 4,4′-di-tert-butylbiphenyl-2,2′-diyl). The X-ray structure of (C^C)AuH(PMe 3 ) was determined. LiHBEt 3 reacts with (C^C)AuCl(py) to give [(C^C)Au(H)Cl] - , whereas (C^C)AuH(PR 3 ) undergoes phosphine displacement, generating the dihydride [(C^C)AuH 2 ] - . Monohydrido complexes hydroaurate dimethylacetylene dicarboxylate to give Z-vinyls. (C^N^C)Au pincer complexes give the first examples of gold(III) bridging hydrides. Stability, reactivity and bonding characteristics of Au(III)-H complexes crucially depend on the interplay between cis and trans-influence. Remarkably, these new gold(III) hydrides extend the range of observed NMR hydride shifts from δ -8.5 to +7 ppm. Relativistic DFT calculations show that the origin of this wide chemical shift variability as a function of the ligands depends on the different ordering and energy gap between "shielding" Au(d π )-based orbitals and "deshielding" σ(Au-H)-type MOs, which are mixed to some extent upon inclusion of spin-orbit (SO) coupling. The resulting 1 H hydride shifts correlate linearly with the DFT optimized Au-H distances and Au-H bond covalency. The effect of cis ligands follows a nearly inverse ordering to that of trans ligands. This study appears to be the first systematic delineation of cis ligand influence on M-H NMR shifts and provides the experimental evidence for the dramatic change of the 1 H hydride shifts, including the sign change, upon mutual cis and trans ligand alternation.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11391/1534163
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