Objective: The purpose of this study was to determine the distribution of organ damage in a cohort of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients and to evaluate the roles of clinical and genetic factors in determining the development of chronic damage. Methods: Organ damage was assessed by the SLICC Damage Index (SDI). We analyzed a panel of 17 single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNPs) of genes already associated with SLE, and we performed a phenotype–genotype correlation analysis by evaluating specific domains of the SDI. Results: Among 175 Caucasian SLE patients, 105 (60%) exhibited damage (SDI ≥1), with a median value of 1.0 (IQR 3.0). The musculoskeletal (26.2%), neuropsychiatric (24.6%) and ocular domains (20.6%) were involved most frequently. The presence of damage was associated with higher age, longer disease duration, neuropsychiatric (NP) manifestations, anti-phospholipid syndrome and the positivity of anti-dsDNA. Concerning therapies, cyclophosphamide, mycophenolate mofetil and glucocorticoids were associated with the development of damage. The genotype–phenotype correlation analysis showed an association between renal damage, identified in 6.9% of patients, and rs2205960 of TNFSF4 (p = 0.001; OR 17.0). This SNP was significantly associated with end-stage renal disease (p = 0.018, OR 9.68) and estimated GFR < 50% (p = 0.025, OR 1.06). The rs1463335 of MIR1279 gene was associated with the development of NP damage (p = 0.029; OR 2.783). The multivariate logistic regression analysis confirmed the associations between TNFSF4 rs2205960 SNP and renal damage (p = 0.027, B = 2.47) and between NP damage and rs1463335 of MIR1279 gene (p = 0.014, B = 1.29). Conclusions: Our study could provide new insights into the role of genetic background in the development of renal and NP damage.

The Impacts of the Clinical and Genetic Factors on Chronic Damage in Caucasian Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Patients

Perricone C.;
2022

Abstract

Objective: The purpose of this study was to determine the distribution of organ damage in a cohort of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients and to evaluate the roles of clinical and genetic factors in determining the development of chronic damage. Methods: Organ damage was assessed by the SLICC Damage Index (SDI). We analyzed a panel of 17 single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNPs) of genes already associated with SLE, and we performed a phenotype–genotype correlation analysis by evaluating specific domains of the SDI. Results: Among 175 Caucasian SLE patients, 105 (60%) exhibited damage (SDI ≥1), with a median value of 1.0 (IQR 3.0). The musculoskeletal (26.2%), neuropsychiatric (24.6%) and ocular domains (20.6%) were involved most frequently. The presence of damage was associated with higher age, longer disease duration, neuropsychiatric (NP) manifestations, anti-phospholipid syndrome and the positivity of anti-dsDNA. Concerning therapies, cyclophosphamide, mycophenolate mofetil and glucocorticoids were associated with the development of damage. The genotype–phenotype correlation analysis showed an association between renal damage, identified in 6.9% of patients, and rs2205960 of TNFSF4 (p = 0.001; OR 17.0). This SNP was significantly associated with end-stage renal disease (p = 0.018, OR 9.68) and estimated GFR < 50% (p = 0.025, OR 1.06). The rs1463335 of MIR1279 gene was associated with the development of NP damage (p = 0.029; OR 2.783). The multivariate logistic regression analysis confirmed the associations between TNFSF4 rs2205960 SNP and renal damage (p = 0.027, B = 2.47) and between NP damage and rs1463335 of MIR1279 gene (p = 0.014, B = 1.29). Conclusions: Our study could provide new insights into the role of genetic background in the development of renal and NP damage.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11391/1534327
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